Polarization analyzers are an essential measuring tool to improve the characteristics of optical components and optimize them with respect to a useful application in optical networks. We describe an instrument of this kind, which consists of two crossed birefringent wedges and acts as a continuous structured polarizer for all the states of polarization of light. We analyze this device theoretically by using the Poincaré-sphere and the Jones-matrix method and verify our results in a number of experiments with quartz wedges and red filtered light. Different realizations of this instrument are discussed, and an application as a beam splitter for all the states of polarization is proposed.
© 2013 Optical Society of America
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology
Original Manuscript: February 14, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 23, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 24, 2013
Published: May 28, 2013
Laure Kaiser, Erna Frins, Bernhard Hils, Leonid Beresnev, Wolfgang Dultz, and Heidrun Schmitzer, "Polarization analyzer for all the states of polarization of light using a structured polarizer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 1256-1260 (2013)