OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 31, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2014
  • pp: 373–378

Tight focusing of quasi-cylindrically polarized beams

Zhongsheng Man, Changjun Min, Siwei Zhu, and X.-C. Yuan  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 31, Issue 2, pp. 373-378 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.31.000373


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (735 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Based on vectorial diffraction theory, tight focusing properties of quasi-cylindrical polarized beams (QCPBs) composed of equal fan-shaped sectors with linear polarization are investigated. We find that, for quasi-radially polarized illumination, a weak azimuthal component emerges and the circular symmetry of focus is traded in when the total number of sector N is small, but when N8 it is approaching that of a perfect radially polarized beam with a deviation smaller than 5.3% and a ratio of maximum total intensity larger than 95.5%. Meanwhile, for quasi-azimuthal polarized illumination, although weak radial and longitudinal components emerge, it is also close to that of the perfect azimuthally polarized beam when N8 with deviation smaller than 5.3% and a ratio larger than 95.0%. These results not only reveal a deep understanding of the focusing properties of QCPBs, but also provide an important contribution toward optimization of the monolithic methods for generating vector beams.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.2990) Imaging systems : Image formation theory
(140.3300) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam shaping
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 24, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 12, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 19, 2013
Published: January 23, 2014

Citation
Zhongsheng Man, Changjun Min, Siwei Zhu, and X.-C. Yuan, "Tight focusing of quasi-cylindrically polarized beams," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 373-378 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-31-2-373


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 1–57 (2009). [CrossRef]
  2. K. S. Youngworth and T. G. Brown, “Focusing of high numerical aperture cylindrical-vector beams,” Opt. Express 7, 77–87 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, “Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Cheng, J. T. Goncalves, P. Golshani, K. Arisaka, and C. Portera-Cailliau, “Simultaneous two-photon calcium imaging at different with spatiotemporal multiplexing,” Nat. Methods 8, 139–142 (2011). [CrossRef]
  5. Q. Zhan, “Evanescent Bessel beam generation via surface plasmon resonance excitation by a radially polarized beam,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1726–1728 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. S. C. Tidwell, G. H. Kim, and W. D. Kimura, “Efficient radially polarized laser beam generation with a double interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5222–5229 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. V. G. Niziv and A. V. Nesterov, “Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting efficiency,” J. Phys. D 32, 1455–1461 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. J. R. Zurita-Sánchez and L. Novotny, “Multipolar interband absorption in a semiconductor quantum dot. II. Magnetic dipole enhancement,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2722–2726 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. Q. Zhan, “Trapping metallic Rayleigh particles with radial polarization,” Opt. Express 12, 3377–3382 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. K. T. Gahagan and G. A. Swartzlander, “Optical vortex trapping of particles,” Opt. Lett. 21, 827–829 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Sakai and S. Noda, “Optical trapping of metal particles in doughnut-shaped beam emitted by photonic-crystal laser,” Electron. Lett. 43, 107–108 (2007). [CrossRef]
  12. G. Machavariani, Y. Lumer, I. Moshe, A. Meir, and S. Jackel, “Efficient extracavity generation of radially and azimuthally polarized beams,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1468–1470 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. G. Machavariani, Y. Lumer, I. Moshe, A. Meir, and S. Jackel, “Spatially-variable retardation plate for efficient generation of radially- and azimuthally-polarized beams,” Opt. Commun. 281, 732–738 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. X.-L. Wang, J. Ding, W.-J. Ni, C.-S. Guo, and H.-T. Wang, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with a spatial light modulator and a common path interferometric arrangement,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3549–3551 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. H. Chen, J. Hao, B.-F. Zhang, J. Xu, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, “Generation of vector beam with space-variant distribution of both polarization and phase,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3179–3181 (2011). [CrossRef]
  16. Z. Bomzon, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Formation of radially and azimuthally polarized light using space-variant subwavelength metal stripe gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1587–1589 (2001). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Stalder and M. Schadt, “Linearly polarized light with axial symmetry generated by liquid-crystal polarization converters,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1948–1950 (1996). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Beresna, M. Gecevičius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, “Radially polarized optical vortex converter created by femtosecond laser nanostructuring of glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011). [CrossRef]
  19. L. J. Guo, C. J. Min, G. H. Yuan, C. L. Zhang, J. G. Wang, Z. Shen, and X.-C. Yuan, “Optically stitched arbitrary fan-sectors with selective polarization states for dynamic manipulation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Express 20, 24748–24753 (2012). [CrossRef]
  20. R. Imai, N. Kanda, T. Higuchi, Z. Zheng, K. Konishi, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Terahertz vector beam generation using segmented nonlinear optical crystals with threefold rotational symmetry,” Opt. Express 20, 21896–21904 (2012). [CrossRef]
  21. C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. Fürhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams,” New J. Phys. 9, 78 (2007). [CrossRef]
  22. Z. Man, C. Min, Y. Zhang, Z. Shen, and X.-C. Yuan, “Arbitrary vector beams with selective polarization states patterned by tailored polarizing films,” Laser Phys. 23, 105001 (2013). [CrossRef]
  23. H. Guo, X. Dong, X. Weng, G. Sui, N. Yang, and S. Zhuang, “Multifocus with small size, uniform intensity, and nearly circular symmetry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2200–2202 (2011). [CrossRef]
  24. H. Guo, G. Sui, X. Weng, X. Dong, Q. Hu, and S. Zhuang, “Control of the multifocal properties of composite vector beams in tightly focusing systems,” Opt. Express 19, 24067–24077 (2011). [CrossRef]
  25. B. Richards and E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems II. Structure of the image field in an aplanatic system,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 253, 358–379 (1959). [CrossRef]
  26. Y. Kozawa and S. Sato, “Sharper focal spot formed by higher-order radially polarized laser beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 1793–1798 (2007). [CrossRef]
  27. Y. Kozawa and S. Sato, “Focusing of higher-order radially polarized Laguerre–Gaussian beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 2439–2443 (2012). [CrossRef]
  28. R. Wang, C. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. Zhu, and X.-C. Yuan, “Focused cylindrical vector beam assisted microscopic pSPR biosensor with an ultra-wide dynamic range,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2091–2093 (2012). [CrossRef]
  29. C. Zhang, R. Wang, C. Min, S. Zhu, and X.-C. Yuan, “Experimental approach to the microscopic phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011114 (2013). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited