OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 31, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2014
  • pp: 829–835

Angle of arrival fluctuations considering turbulence outer scale for optical waves’ propagation through moderate-to-strong non-Kolmogorov turbulence

Linyan Cui, Bindang Xue, Xiaoguang Cao, and Fugen Zhou  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 31, Issue 4, pp. 829-835 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.31.000829


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (308 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Based on the generalized von Kármán spectrum and the extended Rytov theory, new analytic expressions for the variance of angle of arrival (AOA) fluctuations are derived for optical plane and spherical waves propagating through moderate-to-strong non-Kolmogorov turbulence with horizontal path. They consider finite turbulence outer scale and general spectral power law value, and cover a wide range of non-Kolmogorov turbulence strength. When the turbulence outer scale is set to infinite, the new expressions can reduce correctly to previously published analytic expressions [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 30 2188 (2013]. The final results show that the increased turbulence outer scale value enlarges the variance of AOA fluctuations greatly under moderate-to-strong (or strong) non-Kolmogorov turbulence.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1290) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric optics
(010.1300) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric propagation
(010.1330) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric turbulence

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 3, 2014
Revised Manuscript: February 17, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: February 22, 2014
Published: March 27, 2014

Citation
Linyan Cui, Bindang Xue, Xiaoguang Cao, and Fugen Zhou, "Angle of arrival fluctuations considering turbulence outer scale for optical waves’ propagation through moderate-to-strong non-Kolmogorov turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 829-835 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-31-4-829


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. T. Kyrazis, J. B. Wissler, D. B. Keating, A. J. Preble, and K. P. Bishop, “Measurement of optical turbulence in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Proc. SPIE 2120, 43–55 (1994). [CrossRef]
  2. M. S. Belen’kii, S. J. Karis, J. M. Brown, and R. Q. Fugate, “Experimental study of the effect of non-Kolmogorov stratospheric turbulence on star image motion,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 113–123 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. M. S. Belen’kii, E. Cuellar, K. A. Hughes, and V. A. Rye, “Experimental study of spatial structure of turbulence at Maui Space Surveillance Site (MSSS),” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63040U (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Zilberman, E. Golbraikh, N. S. Kopeika, A. Virtser, I. Kupershmidt, and Y. Shtemler, “Lidar study of aerosol turbulence characteristics in the troposphere: Kolmogorov and non-Kolmogorov turbulence,” Atmos. Res. 88, 66–77 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. A. S. Gurvich and M. S. Belen’kii, “Influence of stratospheric turbulence on infrared imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2517–2522 (1995). [CrossRef]
  6. M. S. Belen’kii, “Effect of the stratosphere on star image motion,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1359–1361 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. B. E. Stribling, B. M. Welsh, and M. C. Roggemann, “Optical propagation in non-Kolmogorov atmospheric turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 2471, 181–196 (1995). [CrossRef]
  8. I. Toselli, L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and V. Ferrero, “Angle of arrival fluctuations for free space laser beam propagation through non-Kolmogorov turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 6551, 65510E (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. L. Y. Cui, B. D. Xue, X. G. Cao, J. K. Dong, and J. N. Wang, “Generalized atmospheric turbulence MTF for wave propagating through non-Kolmogorov turbulence,” Opt. Express 18, 21269–21283 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. L. Tan, W. Du, and J. Ma, “Effect of the outer scale on the angle of arrival variance for free-space-laser beam corrugated by non-Kolmogorov turbulence,” J. Russ. Laser Res. 30, 552–559 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. B. Xue, L. Cui, W. Xue, X. Bai, and F. Zhou, “Theoretical expressions of the angle-of-arrival variance for optical waves propagating through non-Kolmogorov turbulence,” Opt. Express 19, 8433–8443 (2011). [CrossRef]
  12. L. Cui, B. Xue, W. Xue, X. Bai, X. Cao, and F. Zhou, “Atmospheric spectral model and theoretical expressions of irradiance scintillation index for optical wave propagating through moderate-to-strong non-Kolmogorov turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 1091–1098 (2012). [CrossRef]
  13. L. Cui, B. Xue, and F. Zhou, “Analytical expressions for the angle of arrival fluctuations for optical waves’ propagation through moderate-to-strong non-Kolmogorov refractive turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 2188–2195 (2013). [CrossRef]
  14. L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation Through Random Media (SPIE Optical Engineering, 2005).
  15. X. Yi, Z. Liu, and P. Yue, “Inner-and outer-scale effects on the scintillation index of an optical wave propagating through moderate-to-strong non-Kolmogorov turbulence,” Opt. Express 20, 4232–4247 (2012). [CrossRef]
  16. C. Y. Young, A. J. Masino, and F. Thomas, “Phase fluctuations in moderate-to-strong turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 4976, 141–148 (2003). [CrossRef]
  17. C. Y. Young, A. J. Masino, F. E. Thomas, and C. J. Subich, “The wave structure function in weak to strong fluctuations: an analytic model based on heuristic theory,” Waves Random Media 14, 75–96 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. L. C. Andrews, Special Functions of Mathematics for Engineers, 2nd ed. (SPIE Optical Engineering, 1998).
  19. M. Jing, G. Chong, and L. Y. Tan, “Angle-of-arrival fluctuations in moderate to strong turbulence,” Chin. Phys. 16, 1327–1333 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited