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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 31, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2014
  • pp: A75–A81

Dark versus bright equilibrium hues: rod and cone biases

Steven L. Buck and Tanner DeLawyer  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 31, Issue 4, pp. A75-A81 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.31.000A75


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Abstract

Equilibrium (unique) red, green, blue, and yellow stimuli look bright in a black surround, but they look dark in a bright white surround, and yellow changes to brown. We investigated differences in equilibrium-hue chromaticity between bright and dark hues to reveal changes in weighting of cone and rod signals. The largest, most consistent shifts were found between yellow and brown, with equilibrium-brown chromaticity shifted toward red compared to equilibrium yellow at both photopic and mesopic levels. Also, at mesopic levels, rod influence reversed for most observers from a green bias for yellow to a red bias for brown. Bright/dark differences for blue, green, and red were much smaller and/or less consistent. Thus, shifts of cone and rod hue biases between bright and dark hues are most prominent in L–M-cone pathways, especially those activated by yellow and brown stimuli.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.1690) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color
(330.1720) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color vision
(330.5020) Vision, color, and visual optics : Perception psychology
(330.5310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - photoreceptors
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics
(330.7310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision

ToC Category:
Unique hues and color categories

History
Original Manuscript: October 10, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 11, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 12, 2013
Published: January 21, 2014

Citation
Steven L. Buck and Tanner DeLawyer, "Dark versus bright equilibrium hues: rod and cone biases," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, A75-A81 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-31-4-A75


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References

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