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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 31, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2014
  • pp: 935–943

Why do rough surfaces appear glossy?

Lin Qi, Mike J. Chantler, J. Paul Siebert, and Junyu Dong  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 31, Issue 5, pp. 935-943 (2014)

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The majority of work on the perception of gloss has been performed using smooth surfaces (e.g., spheres). Previous studies that have employed more complex surfaces reported that increasing mesoscale roughness increases perceived gloss [Psychol. Sci. 19, 196 (2008), J. Vis. 10(9), 13 (2010), Curr. Biol. 22, 1909 (2012)]. We show that the use of realistic rendering conditions is important and that, in contrast to [Psychol. Sci. 19, 196 (2008), J. Vis. 10(9), 13 (2010)], after a certain point increasing roughness further actually reduces glossiness. We investigate five image statistics of estimated highlights and show that for our stimuli, one in particular, which we term “percentage of highlight area,” is highly correlated with perceived gloss. We investigate a simple model that explains the unimodal, nonmonotonic relationship between mesoscale roughness and percentage highlight area.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.0330) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision, color, and visual optics
(330.5020) Vision, color, and visual optics : Perception psychology
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

Original Manuscript: December 6, 2013
Revised Manuscript: March 5, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: March 6, 2014
Published: April 8, 2014

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 7 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Lin Qi, Mike J. Chantler, J. Paul Siebert, and Junyu Dong, "Why do rough surfaces appear glossy?," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 935-943 (2014)

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