OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 31, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2014
  • pp: 1485–1494

Temporal dark adaptation to spatially complex backgrounds: effect of an additional light source

M. G. M. Stokkermans and I. E. J. Heynderickx  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 31, Issue 7, pp. 1485-1494 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.31.001485


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (544 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Visual adaptation (and especially dark adaptation) has been studied extensively in the past, however, mainly addressing adaptation to fully dark backgrounds. At this stage, it is unclear whether these results are not too simple to be applied to complex situations, such as predicting adaptation of a motorist driving at night. To fill this gap we set up a study investigating how spatially complex backgrounds influence temporal dark adaptation. Our results showed that dark adaptation to spatially complex backgrounds leads to much longer adaptation times than dark adaptation to spatially uniform backgrounds. We conclude therefore that the adaptation models based on past studies overestimate the visual system’s sensitivity to detect luminance variations in spatially complex environments. Our results also showed large variations in adaptation times when varying the degree of spatial complexity of the background. Hence, we may conclude that it is important to take into account models that are based on spatially complex backgrounds when predicting dark adaptation for complex environments.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.0330) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision, color, and visual optics
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics
(330.7320) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision adaptation

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 6, 2014
Revised Manuscript: May 7, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 7, 2014
Published: June 16, 2014

Citation
M. G. M. Stokkermans and I. E. J. Heynderickx, "Temporal dark adaptation to spatially complex backgrounds: effect of an additional light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1485-1494 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-31-7-1485


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. C. Hood and M. A. Finkelstein, “Sensitivity to light,” in Handbook of Perception and Visual Performance, Volume 1: Sensory Processes and Perception, K. Boff, L. Kaufman, and J. Thomas, eds. (Wiley, 1986), pp. 5.1–5.66.
  2. H. Aubert, “Pysiologie der Netzhant,” Morgenstern xii, 394 (1865).
  3. S. Hecht, C. Haig, and A. M. Chase, “The influence of light adaptation on subsequent dark adaptation of the eye,” J. Gen. Physiol. 20, 831–850 (1937). [CrossRef]
  4. F. A. Mote and A. J. Riopelle, “The effect of varying intensity and the duration of pre-exposure upon foveal dark adaptation,” J. Gen. Physiol. 34, 657–674 (1951). [CrossRef]
  5. F. A. Mote and A. J. Riopelle, “The effect of varying the intensity and the duration of pre-exposure on subsequent dark adaptation in the human eye,” J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 46, 49–55 (1953). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Hecht, C. Haig, and G. Wald, “The dark adaptation of retinal fields of different size and location,” J. Gen. Physiol. 19, 321–337 (1935). [CrossRef]
  7. G. Wald and A. Clark, “Visual adaptation and the chemistry of the rods,” J. Gen. Physiol. 21, 93–105 (1937). [CrossRef]
  8. C. Haig, “The course of rod dark adaptation as influenced by the intensity and duration of pre-adaptation to light,” J. Gen. Physiol. 24, 735–751 (1941). [CrossRef]
  9. H. D. Baker, “The instantaneous threshold and early dark adaptation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 798–803 (1953). [CrossRef]
  10. H. D. Baker, “Initial stages of dark and light adaptation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 98–103 (1963). [CrossRef]
  11. N. R. Bartlett, “Dark adaptation and light adaptation,” in Vision and Visual Perception, C. H. Graham, ed. (Wiley, 1965), Chap. 8, p. 187.
  12. A. B. Watson and J. I. Yellott, “A unified formula for light-adapted pupil size,” J. Vis. 12(10):12, 1–12 (2012). [CrossRef]
  13. S. G. de Groot and J. W. Gebhard, “Pupil size as determined by adapting luminance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 492–495 (1952). [CrossRef]
  14. I. Heynderickx, J. Ciocoiu, and X. Y. Zhu, “Estimating eye adaptation for typical luminance values in the field of view while driving in urban streets,” in Proceedings of CIE Centenary Conference “Towards a New Century of Light” (2013), pp. 41–47.
  15. S. Plainis, I. J. Murray, and W. N. Charman, “The role of retinal adaptation in night driving,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 82, 682–688 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Uchida and Y. Ohno, “An experimental approach to a definition of the mesopic adaptation field,” in Proceedings of CIE (2012), pp. 71–76.
  17. L. L. Holladay, “The fundamentals of glare and visibility,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 12, 271–319 (1926). [CrossRef]
  18. K. Narisada, “Visual perception in non-uniform fields,” J. Light Visual Environ. 16, 33–40 (1992). [CrossRef]
  19. T. Uchida and Y. Ohno, “Effect of high luminance sources to peripheral adaptation state in mesopic range,” in Proceedings of CIE Centenary Conference “Towards a New Century of Light” (2013), pp. 529–536.
  20. W. S. Stiles and B. H. Crawford, “The effect of a glaring light source on extrafoveal vision,” Proc. R. Soc. London B 122, 255–280 (1937). [CrossRef]
  21. M. J. Murdoch and I. Heynderickx, “Veiling glare and perceived black in high dynamic range displays,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 559–566 (2012). [CrossRef]
  22. CIE 135/1, “Research note: disability glare,” Vis. Colour Phys. Meas. Light Radiat. 135, 6 (1999).
  23. L. Eriksson, Design of Experiments: Principles and Applications (Umea: Umetrics AB, 2008).
  24. C. E. McCulloch and S. R. Searle, Generalized, Linear, and Mixed Models (Wiley, 2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited