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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 31, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2014
  • pp: 1552–1556

Scintillations of optical plane and spherical waves in underwater turbulence

Yalçın Ata and Yahya Baykal  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 31, Issue 7, pp. 1552-1556 (2014)

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The scintillation indices of optical plane and spherical waves propagating in underwater turbulent media are evaluated by using the Rytov method, and the variations in the scintillation indices are investigated when the rate of dissipation of mean squared temperature, the temperature and salinity fluctuations, the propagation distance, the wavelength, the Kolmogorov microscale length, and the rate of dissipation of the turbulent kinetic energy are varied. Results show that as in the atmosphere, also in underwater media the plane wave is more affected by turbulence as compared to the spherical wave. The underwater turbulence effect becomes significant at 5–10 m for a plane wave and at 20–25 m for a spherical wave. The turbulence effect is relatively small in deep water and is large at the surface of the water. Salinity-induced turbulence strongly dominates the scintillations compared to temperature-induced turbulence.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(010.1330) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric turbulence
(290.5930) Scattering : Scintillation
(010.4455) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic propagation

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: November 25, 2013
Revised Manuscript: May 25, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 25, 2014
Published: June 23, 2014

Yalçın Ata and Yahya Baykal, "Scintillations of optical plane and spherical waves in underwater turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1552-1556 (2014)

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