OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 6, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 1989
  • pp: 1538–1543

Characterization of asymmetric optical waveguides by ray tracing

Xinkang Tian, Guanming Lai, Toyohiko Yatagai, and Masafumi Seki  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 6, Issue 10, pp. 1538-1543 (1989)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.6.001538


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (817 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A characterizing technique for radially asymmetric multimode optical waveguides is proposed. By using a precisely measured refractive-index distribution of an asymmetric optical waveguide, ray equations are solved numerically, and practical ray tracing in the asymmetric multimode optical waveguide is realized. The behavior of the asymmetric optical waveguide is evaluated by tracing a number of rays in the asymmetric waveguide. As an example of the technique, some characterizing results are demonstrated. This technique is accurate, fast, and applicable to analyses of arbitrary multimode optical waveguides.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: April 22, 1988
Manuscript Accepted: February 22, 1989
Published: October 1, 1989

Citation
Xinkang Tian, Masafumi Seki, Guanming Lai, and Toyohiko Yatagai, "Characterization of asymmetric optical waveguides by ray tracing," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 1538-1543 (1989)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-6-10-1538


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. Okuda, I. Tanaka, T. Yamasaki, “Planar gradient-index glass waveguide and its applications to a 4-port branched circuit and star coupler,” Appl. Opt. 23, 1745–1748 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Yeh, S. B. Dong, W. Oliver, “Arbitrarily shaped inhomogeneous optical fiber or integrated optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 2125–2129 (1975). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Yeh, K. Ha, S. B. Dong, W. P. Brown, “Single-mode optical waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 18, 1490–1504 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Oyamada, T. Okoshi, “Two-dimensional finite-element method calculation of propagation characteristics of axially non-symmetrical optical fiber,” Radio Sci. 17, 109–116 (1982). [CrossRef]
  5. W. Streifer, K. B. Paxton, “Analytic solution of ray equations in cylindrically inhomogeneous guiding media. 1: Meridional rays,” Appl. Opt. 10, 769–775 (1971). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. B. Paxten, W. Streifer, “Analytic solutions of ray equations in cylindrically inhomogeneous guiding media. 2: Skew rays,” Appl. Opt. 10, 1164–1171 (1971). [CrossRef]
  7. D. T. Moore, “Ray tracing in gradient-index media,”J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 451–455 (1975). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Rogers, M. E. Harrigan, R. P. Loce, “The Y–Y¯ diagram for radial gradient systems,” Appl. Opt. 27, 452–458 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. W. Marchand, “Rapid ray tracing in radial gradients,” Appl. Opt. 27, 465–467 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. X. Tian, G. Lai, T. Yatagai, M. Seki, “Characterization of asymmetric optical waveguides using high precision refractive index measurement and accurate ray tracing,” in Technical Digest of Microoptics Conference ’87 (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1987), pp. 26–30.
  11. X. Tian, G. Lai, T. Yatagai, M. Seki, “High-precision refractive index distribution measurement of optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 69, 11–14 (1988). [CrossRef]
  12. E. W. Marchand, Gradient Index Optics (Academic, New York, 1978), p. 6.
  13. H. T. Davis, Introduction to Nonlinear Differential and Integral Equations (Dover, New York, 1962), p. 251.
  14. T. Okoshi, Optical Fibers (Academic, New York, 1982), p. 39.
  15. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, San Francisco, 1968), p. 61.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited