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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 6, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 1989
  • pp: 318–322

Characteristic spectra of Munsell colors

J. P. S. Parkkinen, J. Hallikainen, and T. Jaaskelainen  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 6, Issue 2, pp. 318-322 (1989)

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The 1257 reflectance spectra of the chips in the Munsell Book of Color—Matte Finish Collection (Munsell Color, Baltimore, Md., 1976) were measured with a rapid acousto-optic spectrophotometer. Measured spectra were sampled from 400 to 700 nm at 5-nm intervals. The correlation matrix of this sample set was formed, and the characteristic vectors of this matrix were computed. It is shown, contradictory to earlier recommendations [ Psychon. Sci. 1, 369 ( 1964)], that as many as eight characteristic spectra are needed to achieve good representation for all spectra.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: January 8, 1988
Manuscript Accepted: October 3, 1988
Published: February 1, 1989

J. P. S. Parkkinen, J. Hallikainen, and T. Jaaskelainen, "Characteristic spectra of Munsell colors," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 318-322 (1989)

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  1. Munsell Book of Color—Matte Finish Collection (Munsell Color, Baltimore, Md., 1976).
  2. M. D’Zmura, P. Lennie, “Mechanisms of color constancy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1662–1672 (1986). [CrossRef]
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