For a confocal fluorescent microscope with a finite-sized circular detector, the three-dimensional optical transfer function (OTF) for a thick object has been developed without the use of Stockseth’s approximation. The results show that the OTF has negative values when the radius of the detector exceeds certain magnitudes. The two-dimensional OTF derived from the three-dimensional OTF is also given.
© 1992 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: September 7, 1990
Revised Manuscript: May 15, 1991
Manuscript Accepted: August 7, 1991
Published: January 1, 1992
Min Gu and C. J. R. Sheppard, "Confocal fluorescent microscopy with a finite-sized circular detector," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 151-153 (1992)