OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 15, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1998
  • pp: 451–457

Optical activity of anisotropic achiral surfaces

Thierry Verbiest, Martti Kauranen, and André Persoons  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 15, Issue 1, pp. 451-457 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (230 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The efficiency of second-harmonic generation from achiral anisotropic surfaces can be different for left- and right-hand circularly polarized fundamental light. Such optical activity occurs if the orientation of the anisotropic sample makes the experimental arrangement chiral. The effects change sign as the handedness of the experiment is reversed. The theoretical predictions are confirmed by experiments with anisotropic Langmuir–Blodgett films of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine. These optical-activity effects are important in the study of surface chirality and in the detailed characterization of anisotropic nonlinear thin films.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.1190) Materials : Anisotropic optical materials
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(310.0310) Thin films : Thin films

Thierry Verbiest, Martti Kauranen, and André Persoons, "Optical activity of anisotropic achiral surfaces," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 451-457 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Selected Papers on Natural Optical Activity, A. Lakhtakia, ed., Proc. SPIE MS 15 (1990).
  2. T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Lee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 1383–1388 (1993). [CrossRef]
  3. L. Hecht and L. D. Barron, “Rayleigh and Raman optical activity from chiral surfaces,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 225, 525–530 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. M. J. Crawford, S. Haslam, J. M. Probert, Y. A. Gruzdkov, and J. G. Frey, “Second harmonic generation from the air/water interface of an aqueous solution of the dipeptide Boc-Trp-Trp,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 229, 260–264 (1994). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, J. J. Maki, and A. Persoons, “Second-harmonic generation from chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 8193–8199 (1994). [CrossRef]
  6. T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, M. N. Teerenstra, A. J. Schouten, R. J. M. Nolte, and A. Persoons, “Linearly polarized probes of surface chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8296–8298 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, S. Van Elshocht, and A. Persoons, “Comparison of linearly and circularly polarized probes of second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 767–772 (1996). [CrossRef]
  8. J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “A second harmonic generation analog of optical rotatory dispersion for the study of chiral monolayers,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6233–6241 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, and A. Persoons, “Electric and magnetic contributions to the second-order optical activity of chiral surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 243–249 (1994).
  10. J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, T. Petralli-Mallow, and J. M. Hicks, “Second-harmonic generation circular-dichroism spectroscopy from chiral monolayers,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 14643–14647 (1994). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Kauranen, J. J. Maki, T. Verbiest, S. Van Elschocht, and A. Persoons, “Quantitative determination of electric and magnetic second-order susceptibility tensors of chiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R1985–R1988 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. R. L. Dubs, S. N. Dixit, and V. McKoy, “Circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions from oriented linear molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1249–1251 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. R. Appling, M. G. White, T. M. Orlando, and S. L. Anderson, “Observation of circular dichroism in photoelectron angular distributions,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6803–6804 (1986). [CrossRef]
  14. C. Westphal, J. Bansmann, M. Getzlaff, and G. Schönhense, “Circular dichroism in the angular distribution of photoelectrons from oriented CO molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 151–154 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. N. Chandra, “Circular dichroism in photoionization of oriented nonlinear molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 2256–2259 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M.-J. Chern and R. A. Phillips, “Optical activity in nonenantiomorphous biaxial crystals: (C9H12O4)2 and NaNO2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1230–1232 (1970). [CrossRef]
  17. Y.-N. Chiu, “Temperature-dependent optical activity due to quantized molecular rotation and optical rotation by oriented molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 52, 1042–1053 (1970). [CrossRef]
  18. R. Williams, “Optical rotatory effect in the nematic liquid phase of p-azoxyanisole,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 342–344 (1968). [CrossRef]
  19. R. Williams, “Optical-rotary power and linear electro-optic effect in nematic liquid crystals of p-azoxyanisole,” J. Chem. Phys. 50, 1324–1332 (1969). [CrossRef]
  20. N. A. Cherepkov and V. V. Kuznetsov, “Optical activity of oriented molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 3046–3052 (1991). [CrossRef]
  21. T. Verbiest, M. Kauranen, Y. Van Rompaey, and A. Persoons, “Optical activity of anisotropic achiral surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1456–1458 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. R. Stolle, M. Loddoch, and G. Marowsky, “Theory of second-harmonic circular dichroism at surfaces,” Nonlinear Opt. 8, 79–85 (1994).
  23. J. J. Maki, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Surface second-harmonic generation from chiral materials,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 1425–1434 (1995). [CrossRef]
  24. G. Decher, B. Tieke, Ch. Bosshard, and P. Gunther, “Optical second-harmonic generation in Langmuir–Blodgett films of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine,” J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 19, 933–934 (1988). [CrossRef]
  25. W. M. K. P. Wijekoon, S. P. Karna, G. B. Talapatra, and P. N. Prasad, “Second-harmonic generation studies of differences in molecular orientation of Langmuir–Blodgett films fabricated by vertical and horizontal dipping techniques,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 213–221 (1993). [CrossRef]
  26. P. Provencher, M.-M. Denariez Roberge, A. Suau, K. Tian, G. Munger, and R. Leblanc, “Second-harmonic generation investigation of Langmuir–Blodgett 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyradine films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1406–1410 (1995). [CrossRef]
  27. T. Verbiest, Y. Van Rompaey, M. Kauranen, and A. Persoons, “Anisotropic floating monolayers of 2-docosylamino-5-nitropyridine studied by second-harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 257, 285–288 (1996). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited