OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 16, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 1999
  • pp: 1904–1908

Third-order optical nonlinearities and their ultrafast response in Bi2O3–B2O3–SiO2 glasses

Naoki Sugimoto, Hirohisa Kanbara, Seiji Fujiwara, Koichiro Tanaka, Yutaka Shimizugawa, and Kazuyuki Hirao  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 16, Issue 11, pp. 1904-1908 (1999)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (135 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Nonresonant-type homogeneous Bi2O3B2O3SiO2 glasses were prepared by melting. The third-order optical nonlinear susceptibility χ(3), which was determined by measurement of third-harmonic generation, increased with increasing concentrations of Bi2O3 in the glass. The maximum χ(3) estimated was 9.3×10-12 esu in glass that contained 92 wt. % of Bi2O3.χ(3) values of these glasses were enhanced by the small optical bandgap. These glasses also exhibited an ultrafast response time, less than 200 fs, when a degenerate four-wave mixing method with a femtosecond laser was used, indicating that the nonlinearity of these glasses originated mainly from pure electronic polarization.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(320.7130) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in condensed matter, including semiconductors

Naoki Sugimoto, Hirohisa Kanbara, Seiji Fujiwara, Koichiro Tanaka, Yutaka Shimizugawa, and Kazuyuki Hirao, "Third-order optical nonlinearities and their ultrafast response in Bi2O3–B2O3–SiO2 glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1904-1908 (1999)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. W. Hall, M. A. Newhouse, N. F. Borrelli, W. H. Dum- baugh, and D. L. Weildman, “Nonlinear optical susceptibilities of high-index glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1293–1295 (1989). [CrossRef]
  2. E. M. Vogel, S. G. Kosinski, D. M. Krol, J. L. Jackel, S. R. Friberg, M. K. Oliver, and J. D. Powers, “Structural and optical study of silicate glasses for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 107, 244–250 (1989). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Nasu, Y. Ibara, and K. Kubodera, “Optical third-harmonic generation from some high-index glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 110, 229–234 (1989). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Nasu, K. Kubodera, M. Kobayashi, M. Nakamura, and K. Kamiya, “Third-harmonic generation from some chalcogenide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73, 1794–1796 (1990). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Nasu, T. Uchigaki, K. Kamiya, H. Kanmara, and K. Kubodera, “Nonresonant-type third-order nonlinearity of (PbO, Nb2O5)–TiO2–TeO2 glass measured by third-harmonic generation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 31, 3899–3900 (1992). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Nasu, J. Matsuoka, and K. Kamiya, “Second- and third-order optical non-linearity of homogeneous glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 178, 23–30 (1994). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Miyaji, K. Tadanaga, and S. Sakka, “Third harmonic generation from MOx–PbO–GaO1.5 ternary glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 2060–2061 (1992). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Asobe, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, “Ultrafast all-optical switching using highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 362–365 (1992). [CrossRef]
  9. N. Sugimoto, H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast response of third-order optical nonlinearity in glasses containing Bi2O3,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1637–1639 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. K. Kubodera and H. Kobayashi, “Determination of third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities for organic materials by third-harmonic generation,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 182A, 103–113 (1990).
  11. H. Kobayashi, H. Kanbara, M. Koga, and K. Kubodera, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of As2S3 chalcogenide glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3683–3687 (1993). [CrossRef]
  12. G. R. Meredith, B. Buchalter, and C. Hanzlik, “Third-orderoptical susceptibility determination by third harmonic generation. I,” J. Chem. Phys. 78, 1533–1542 (1983). [CrossRef]
  13. R. C. Miller, “Optical second harmonic generation in piezoelectric crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 17–19 (1964). [CrossRef]
  14. C. C. Wang, “Empirical relation between the linear and the third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities,” Phys. Rev. B 2, 2045–2048 (1970). [CrossRef]
  15. T. Hashimoto and T. Yoko, “Sol-gel preparation and nonlinear optical properties of transition metal oxide thin films,” Mater. Trans. JIM 37, 435–441 (1996). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Hashimoto, T. Yamada, and T. Yoko, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of sol-gel derived α-Fe2O3, γ-Fe2O3, and Fe2O3 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 3184–3190 (1996). [CrossRef]
  17. T. Kanetake, K. Ishikawa, T. Hasegawa, T. Koda, K. Takeda, M. Hasegawa, K. Kubodera, and H. Kobayashi, “Nonlinear optical properties of highly oriented polydiacetylene evaporated films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2287–2289 (1989). [CrossRef]
  18. T. Kurihara, Y. Mori, T. Kaino, H. Murata, N. Takada, T. Tsutsumi, and S. Saito, “Spectra of χ(3)(−3ω;ω, ω, ω) in poly (2, 5-dimethoxy p-phenylene vinylene) (MO-PPV) for various conversion levels,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 183, 534–538 (1991). [CrossRef]
  19. F. Kajzar and J. Messier, Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals (Academic, New York, 1987), Vol. 2, p. 51.
  20. T. Hashimoto, T. Yoko, and S. Sakka, “Sol-gel preparation and third-order nonlinear optical properties of TiO2 thin films,” Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 67, 653–660 (1994). [CrossRef]
  21. T. Hashimoto and T. Yoko, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of sol-gel-derived V2O5, Nb2O5, and Ta2O5 thin films,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2941–2948 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, “Picosecond response of a high-repetition-rate CS2 optical Kerr gate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 92–93 (1975). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited