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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 17, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2000
  • pp: 169–177

Nonlinear principal states of polarization in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence

Michele Midrio  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 17, Issue 2, pp. 169-177 (2000)

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The polarization properties of an electromagnetic field that propagates in a fiber with polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) and randomly varying birefringence are studied by resorting to the coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations. It is shown that the concept of principal states of polarization (PSP’s), meant to be the states that allow undistorted pulse propagation to be achieved in the presence of PMD, may be defined even in the presence of dispersion and nonlinearity. Furthermore, nonlinear PSP’s are proved to coincide with linear PSP’s, as they are customarily defined through the frequency dependence of the fiber input/output relation. Finally, it is also shown that the propagation equations may be exactly reduced to the Manakov equations for any fixed realization of the random process accounting for the fiber PMD. As a result, a whole class of simulton pulses that preserve their shape in the presence of PMD is analytically found.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

Michele Midrio, "Nonlinear principal states of polarization in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 169-177 (2000)

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