OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 17, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2000
  • pp: 213–218

Laser-irradiation effects during Z-scan measurement on metal nanocluster composite glasses

Giancarlo Battaglin, Paolo Calvelli, Elti Cattaruzza, Riccardo Polloni, Elisabetta Borsella, Tiziana Cesca, Francesco Gonella, and Paolo Mazzoldi  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 17, Issue 2, pp. 213-218 (2000)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (132 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Metal nanocluster composite glasses, prepared by sequential copper and nickel implantation in fused silica, are analyzed by the Z-scan method. The role of laser-composite interaction effects in the analyses is discriminated, and a phenomenological model is proposed that effectively reproduces the experimental findings. Spatially modulated reduction of both the linear refractive index and the absorbance are suggested as the mechanisms responsible for the observed transmittance Z-scan curves. The third-order fast nonlinearity of the examined composite in terms of intensity-dependent refractive index is therefore evaluated to be lower than ∼5×10−12 cm2W−1.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(160.6990) Materials : Transition-metal-doped materials
(350.5340) Other areas of optics : Photothermal effects
(350.6830) Other areas of optics : Thermal lensing

Giancarlo Battaglin, Paolo Calvelli, Elti Cattaruzza, Riccardo Polloni, Elisabetta Borsella, Tiziana Cesca, Francesco Gonella, and Paolo Mazzoldi, "Laser-irradiation effects during Z-scan measurement on metal nanocluster composite glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 213-218 (2000)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, and U. Kreibig, “The optical Kerr effect in small metal particles and metal colloids: the case of gold,” Appl. Phys. A 47, 347–357 (1988).
  2. R. F. Haglund, Jr., “Quantum-dot composites for nonlinear optical applications,” in Handbook of Optical Properties II: Optics of Small Particles, Interfaces, and Surfaces, R. E. Hummel and P. Wissmann, eds. (CRC Press, New York, 1997), Vol. 2, p. 191.
  3. U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1995).
  4. P. Mazzoldi, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, F. Gonella, and R. F. Haglund, Jr., “Metal nanocluster formation by ion implantation in silicate glasses: nonlinear optical applications,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 5, 285–330 (1996).
  5. R. H. Magruder III, R. F. Haglund, Jr., L. Yang, J. E. Wittig, and R. A. Zuhr, “Physical and optical properties of Cu nanoclusters fabricated by ion implantation in fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 708–715 (1994).
  6. N. Skelland and P. D. Townsend, “Ion implantation into heated silica substrates,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 93, 433–438 (1994).
  7. K. Uchida, S. Kaneko, S. Omi, C. Hata, H. Tanji, Y. Asahara, A. J. Ikushima, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Optical nonlinearities of a high concentration of small metal particles dispersed in glass: copper and silver particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1236–1243 (1994).
  8. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagen, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-26, 760–769 (1990).
  9. J. Wang, M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagen, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Time-resolved Z-scan measurements of optical nonlinearities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1009–1017 (1994).
  10. E. W. Van Stryland and M. Sheik-Bahae, “Z-scan technique for nonlinear materials characterization,” in Materials Characterization and Optical Probe Techniques, R. A. Lessard and H. Franke, eds. (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1997), Vol. CR69, pp. 501–524.
  11. M. Falconieri, G. Salvetti, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, M. Piovesan, G. Battaglin, and R. Polloni, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of nanocluster-doped glass formed by ion implantation of copper and nickel in silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 288–290 (1998).
  12. D. H. Osborne, Jr., R. F. Haglund, Jr., F. Gonella, and F. Garrido, “Laser-induced sign reversal of the nonlinear refractive index of Ag nanoclusters in soda-lime glass,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 517–521 (1998).
  13. L. Yang, D. H. Osborne, Jr., R. F. Haglund, Jr., R. H. Magruder III, C. W. White, R. A. Zuhr, and H. Hosono, “Probing interface properties of nanocomposites by third-order nonlinear optics,” Appl. Phys. A 62, 403–415 (1996).
  14. F. Zontone, F. D’Acapito, and F. Gonella, “Synchrotron radiation glancing incidence X-ray diffraction: a tool for structural investigations of ion implanted glasses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 147, 416–421 (1999).
  15. E. Cattaruzza, G. Battaglin, R. Polloni, T. Cesca, F. Gonella, G. Mattei, C. Maurizio, P. Mazzoldi, F. D’Acapito, F. Zontone, and R. Bertoncello, “Nanocluster formation in silicate glasses by sequential ion implantation procedures,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 148, 1007–1111 (1999).
  16. M. Falconieri and G. Salvetti, “Simultaneous measurement of pure-optical and thermo-optical nonlinearities induced by high-repetition-rate, femtosecond laser pulses: application to CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 133–136 (1999).
  17. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  18. F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, Jr., “Interaction of high-power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3101–3103 (1996).
  19. G. Battaglin, E. Borsella, E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, R. F. Haglund, Jr., G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, D. H. Osborne, Jr., and R. Polloni, “Highly nonlinear optical composites obtained in silica and soda-lime glasses by Ti ion implantation and laser annealing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 141, 274–278 (1998).
  20. J. Chen, R. Mu, A. Ueda, M. H. Wu, Y. S. Tung, Z. Gu, D. O. Henderson, C. W. White, J. D. Budai, and R. A. Zuhr, “Characterization of zinc implanted silica: effects of thermal annealing and picosecond laser radiation,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 16, 1409–1413 (1998).
  21. R. Serna, J. M. Ballesteros, J. Solis, C. N. Afonso, D. H. Osborne, Jr., R. F. Haglund, Jr., and A. K. Petford-Long, “Laser-induced modification of the nonlinear optical response of laser-deposited Cu:Al2O3 nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films 318, 96–99 (1998).
  22. W. C. Huang and J. T. Lue, “Quantum size effect on the optical properties of small metal particles,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 17279–17285 (1994).
  23. H. Kurita, A. Takami, and S. Koda, “Size reduction of gold particles in aqueous solution by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 789–791 (1998).
  24. M. Vollmer, R. Weidenauer, W. Hoheisel, U. Schulte, and F. Träger, “Size manipulation of metal particles with laser light,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 12509–12512 (1989).
  25. T. Ditmire, T. Donnelly, A. M. Rubenchik, R. W. Falcone, and M. D. Perry, “Interaction of intense laser pulses with atomic clusters,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3379–3402 (1996).
  26. H. Haberland and B. v. Issendorff, “New spectroscopic tool for cluster science: nonexponential laser fluence dependence of photofragmentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1445–1448 (1996).
  27. A. Stella, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. Lanzani, P. Cheyssac, and R. Kofman, “Size effects in the ultrafast electronic dynamics of metallic tin nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 15497–15500 (1996).
  28. G. Mattei, Department of Physics, University of Padova, via Marzolo 8, I-35131, Padova, Italy (personal communication, 1998).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited