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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 17, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2000
  • pp: 833–839

Cooperative upconversion and energy transfer of new high Er3+- and Yb3+–Er3+-doped phosphate glasses

Bor-Chyuan Hwang, Shibin Jiang, Tao Luo, Jason Watson, Gino Sorbello, and Nasser Peyghambarian  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 17, Issue 5, pp. 833-839 (2000)

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Systematic studies of cooperative upconversion and Yb3+Er3+ energy transfer in newly developed phosphate glasses were performed by a rate-equation formalism. The cooperative-upconversion coefficients of the  4I13/2 level for different Er3+ concentrations were determined from the luminescence-decay curves for high pump intensities. A small cooperative-upconversion coefficient of 1.1×10-18 cm3/s was obtained for a high Er3+ concentration of 4×1020ions/cm3.Yb3+Er3+ energy-transfer coefficients for an Er3+ concentration of 2×1020ions/cm3 codoped with different Yb3+ concentrations were calculated from the lifetime measurements of the  2F5/2 level of Yb3+ions. For Er3+ codoped with an Yb3+ concentration of 6×1020ions/cm3, an energy-transfer coefficient of 1.1×10-16 cm3/s and an energy-transfer efficiency higher than 95% were determined from our measurements under weak excitation. The cooperative-upconversion coefficients of Yb3+Er3+-doped samples were found to be consistent with that of an Er3+-doped sample with the same Er3+ concentration. The weak cooperative-upconversion effect of high Er3+ concentrations and efficient Yb3+Er3+ energy transfer indicate that these newly developed Er3+- and Yb3+Er3+-doped phosphate glasses are excellent for active device applications.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(250.4480) Optoelectronics : Optical amplifiers
(300.6280) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence

Bor-Chyuan Hwang, Shibin Jiang, Tao Luo, Jason Watson, Gino Sorbello, and Nasser Peyghambarian, "Cooperative upconversion and energy transfer of new high Er3+- and Yb3+–Er3+-doped phosphate glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 833-839 (2000)

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