A two-dimensional photonic crystal patterned into a thin dielectric slab waveguide is shown to alter drastically the lifetime of spontaneous emission as well as the radiation pattern. This means that although the light extraction efficiency can be greatly enhanced, inhibited spontaneous emission within the photonic bandgap can result in low power output from such a structure. Strongly inhibited emission is found within the photonic bandgap as well as enhanced emission into the conduction band modes for certain geometries. Coupled with enhanced extraction efficiency in the photonic conduction band, this results in the possibility of a structure with increased total power efficiency.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
(020.5580) Atomic and molecular physics : Quantum electrodynamics
(130.3130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics materials
(230.3670) Optical devices : Light-emitting diodes
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(270.5580) Quantum optics : Quantum electrodynamics
Reginald K. Lee, Yong Xu, and Amnon Yariv, "Modified spontaneous emission from a two-dimensional photonic bandgap crystal slab," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1438-1442 (2000)