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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: G. I. Stegeman
  • Vol. 23, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2006
  • pp: 2581–2587

Study on strong cooperative upconversion luminescence of ytterbium–ytterbium clusters in oxyfluoride glass

Xiaobo Chen, Song Li, Zengfu Song, Weimin Du, Ou Wen, and Naruhito Sawanobori  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 23, Issue 12, pp. 2581-2587 (2006)

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The strong blue 476 nm cooperative upconversion luminescence of ytterbium Yb 3 + Yb 3 + clusters in Yb 3 + -doped oxyfluoride glass was studied. The strength of this luminescence was found to be about 100 times greater than that of Yb(3): zirconium, barium, lanthanum, aluminum, and sodium fluoride glass. Such a large enhancement of cooperative upconversion blue luminescence efficiency results from better coupled Yb 3 + Yb 3 + clusters, less cross relaxation, increased concentration of Yb 3 + activators, nonsaturation effect, and better upconversion luminescence efficiency. Interestingly, the quadruple–quadruple interaction or exchange interaction seems to exert a stronger action than the dipole–dipole interaction. Meanwhile there apparently exists a large energy transfer from a single Yb 3 + ion or a coupled Yb 3 + Yb 3 + cluster to a Ho 3 + ion, leading to a dramatic decline in the intensity of the upconversion luminescence of Yb 3 + Yb 3 + clusters in an Yb 3 + Ho 3 + codoped oxyfluoride glass.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.7220) Nonlinear optics : Upconversion
(250.5230) Optoelectronics : Photoluminescence
(300.6410) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, multiphoton

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: March 20, 2006
Revised Manuscript: July 25, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: August 19, 2006

Xiaobo Chen, Song Li, Zengfu Song, Weimin Du, Ou Wen, and Naruhito Sawanobori, "Study on strong cooperative upconversion luminescence of ytterbium-ytterbium clusters in oxyfluoride glass," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2581-2587 (2006)

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