OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: G. I. Stegeman
  • Vol. 23, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2006
  • pp: 1934–1937

Optically tunable hollow Gaussian beams with thin metal films

Irina Gerdova, Xinhui Zhang, and Alain Haché  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 23, Issue 9, pp. 1934-1937 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.23.001934


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (117 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report the formation of optically tunable, smooth hollow beams by reflection of a TEM 00 Gaussian beam off a metal thin film. Hollow (doughnutlike) beams (HBs) with controllable profiles are created by a phase distortion at the surface. Two regimes of operation are observed: Below a certain power threshold, the HB formation is reversible and optically tunable on a time scale of milliseconds; above that threshold, alterations on the film surface make the effect permanent. Optical control of the HB shape is demonstrated by tuning the power of a second beam. High stability in the radial intensity profile and the possibility of adjusting the spatial distribution and aspect ratios make this technique promising for applications such as atom trapping and manipulation of Bose–Einstein condensates.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(240.0310) Optics at surfaces : Thin films
(350.6830) Other areas of optics : Thermal lensing

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

History
Original Manuscript: November 17, 2005
Revised Manuscript: March 27, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 25, 2006

Citation
Irina Gerdova, Xinhui Zhang, and Alain Haché, "Optically tunable hollow Gaussian beams with thin metal films," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1934-1937 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23-9-1934


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. Watanabe, M. Fujii, Y. Watanabe, N. Toyama, and Y. Iketaki, "Generation of a doughnut-shaped beam using a spiral phase plate," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 5131-5135 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, "The production of multiringed Laguerre-Gaussian modes by computer-generated holograms," J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1231-1237 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. S. M. Iftiquar, "A tunable doughnut laser beam for cold-atom experiments," J. Opt. 5, 40-43 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. E. Engel, N. Huse, T. A. Klar, and S. W. Hell, "Creating lambda/3 focal holes with a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Appl. Phys. B 77, 11-17 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Courtial and M. J. Padgett, "Performance of a cylindrical lens mode converter for producing Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes," Opt. Commun. 159, 13-18 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Qian, Y. Zhang, R. Wei, and Y.-Z. Wang, "Generation of a collimated doughnut-beam for atom trapping using a single-cone axicon," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 1041-1043 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. X. Wang and M. G. Littman, "Laser cavity for generation of variable-radius rings of light," Opt. Lett. 18, 767-770 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Shevchenko, S. C. Buchter, N. V. Tabiryan, and M. Kaivola, "Creation of a hollow laser beam using self-phase modulation in a nematic liquid crystal," Opt. Commun. 232, 77-82 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, and S. L. Rolston, "Coherent atomic waveguides from hollow optical fibers: quantized atomic motion," Phys. Rev. A 50, 2680-2690 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Doiron and A. Haché, "Time evolution of reflective thermal lenses and measurement of thermal diffusivity in bulk solids," Appl. Opt. 43, 4250-4253 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. Hu, E. T. Ogawa, and P. S. Ho, "Thermal diffusivity measurement of polymeric thin films using the photothermal displacement technique. II On-wafer measurement," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6028-6038 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1970).
  13. M. A. Olmstead, N. M. Amer, S. Kohn, D. Fournier, and A. C. Boccara, "Photothermal displacement spectroscopy: an optical probe for solids and surfaces," Appl. Phys. A 32, 141-154 (1983). [CrossRef]
  14. L. Deng, K. He, T. Zhou, and C. Li, "Formation and evolution of the far-field diffraction patterns of divergent and convergent Gaussian beams passing through self-focusing and self-defocusing media," J. Opt. 7, 409-415 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. D. V. Petrov, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. De Araujo, "Reflection Z-scan technique for measurements of optical properties of solids," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1067-1069 (1994). [CrossRef]
  16. S. A. Kennedy, M. J. Szabo, H. Teslow, J. Z. Porterfield, and E. R. I. Abraham, "Creation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes using diffractive optics," Phys. Rev. A 66, 043801 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. M. A. Clifford, J. Arlt, J. Courtial, and K. Dholakia, "High-order Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes for studies of cold atoms," Opt. Commun. 156, 300-306 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited