OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: G. I. Stegeman
  • Vol. 23, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2006
  • pp: 1954–1964

Ultrafast imaging interferometry at femtosecond-laser-excited surfaces

Vasily V. Temnov, Klaus Sokolowski-Tinten, Ping Zhou, and Dietrich von der Linde  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 23, Issue 9, pp. 1954-1964 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.23.001954


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (924 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A simple and robust setup for femtosecond time-resolved imaging interferometry of surfaces is described. The apparatus is capable of measuring both very small phase shifts ( 3 × 10 2 rad ) and amplitude changes ( 1 % ) with micrometer spatial resolution ( 1 μ m ) . Interferograms are processed using a 2D-Fourier transform algorithm. We discuss the image formation and the physical interpretation of the measured interferograms. The technique is applied to measure transient changes of a GaAs surface irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses with fluences near the ablation threshold.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.2170) General : Equipment and techniques
(100.2650) Image processing : Fringe analysis
(110.2990) Imaging systems : Image formation theory
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(180.3170) Microscopy : Interference microscopy
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 6, 2006
Revised Manuscript: April 14, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 19, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 10 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Vasily V. Temnov, Klaus Sokolowski-Tinten, Ping Zhou, and Dietrich von der Linde, "Ultrafast imaging interferometry at femtosecond-laser-excited surfaces," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1954-1964 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23-9-1954


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. C. Downer, R. L. Fork, and C. V. Shank, "Femtosecond imaging of melting and evaporation at a photoexcited silicon surface," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 595-598 (1985). [CrossRef]
  2. K. Sokolowski-Tinten, J. Bialkowski, M. Boing, A. Cavalleri, and D. von der Linde, "Thermal and nonthermal melting of gallium arsenide after femtosecond laser excitation," Phys. Rev. B 58, R11805-R11808 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. D. von der Linde and K. Sokolowski-Tinten, "The physical mechanisms of short-pulse laser ablation," Appl. Surf. Sci. 154-155, 1-10 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. K. Sokolowski-Tinten, J. Bialkowski, A. Cavalleri, D. von der Linde, A. Oparin, J. Meyerter-Vehn, and S. I. Anisimov, "Transient states of matter during short pulse laser ablation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 224-227 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. T. Masubuchi, H. Furutani, H. Fukumura, and H. Masuhara, "Laser-induced nanometer-nanosecond expansion and contraction dynamics of poly (methyl methacrylate) film studied by time-resolved interferometry," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2518-2524 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. S. R. Greenfield, J. L. Casson, and A. C. Koskelo, "Nanosecond interferometric studies of surface deformations of dielectrics induced by laser irradiation," in High-Power Laser Ablation III, C.R.Phipps, ed., Proc. SPIE 4065, 557-566 (2001).
  7. J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, A. Rousse, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Dos Santos, G. Hamoniaux, and A. Antonetti, "Frequency-domain interferometer for measuring the phase and amplitude of a femtosecond pump-probing a laser-produced plasma," Opt. Lett. 19, 1997-1999 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Evans, A. D. Badger, F. Fallies, M. Mahdieh, T. A. Hall, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, "Time- and space-resolved optical probing of femtosecond-laser-driven shock waves in aluminum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3359-3362 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. Dos Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, "Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1990-1993 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. T. Gahagan, D. S. Moore, D. J. Funk, and J. H. Reho, and R. L. Rabie, "Ultrafast interferometric microscopy for laser-driven shock wave characterization," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 3679-3682 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. V. P. Linnik, "Ein apparat für mikroskopisch-interferometrische untersuchung reflektierender objekte (mikrointerferometer)," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1, 18-23 (1933).
  12. M. Francon, Jr., Optical Interferometry (Academic, 1966).
  13. D. J. Bone, H.-A. Bachor, and J. Sandeman, "Fringe-pattern analysis using a 2D Fourier transform," Appl. Opt. 25, 1653-1660 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. Roddier and F. Roddier, "Interferogram analysis using Fourier transform techniques," Appl. Opt. 26, 1668-1673 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. V. V. Temnov, "Ultrafast laser-induced phenomena in solids studied by time-resolved interferometry," Ph.D. dissertation (University of Duisburg-Essen, 2004).
  16. V. V. Temnov, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, P. Zhou, and D. von der Linde, "Femtosecond time-resolved interferometric microscopy," Appl. Phys. A 78, 483-489 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Takeda, H. Ina, and S. Kobayashi, "Fourier-transform method of fringe-pattern analysis for computer-based topography and interferometry," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 156-160 (1982). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Lawrence Marple, Jr., Digital Spectral Analysis with Applications, (Prentice-Hall, 1987).
  19. M. Kujawinska, "Spatial phase measurement methods," in Interferogram Analysis: Digital Fringe Pattern Measurement Techniques, D.W.Robinson and G.T.Reid, eds. (IOP, 1993), pp. 141-193.
  20. K. A. Nugent, "Interferogram analysis using an accurate fully automatic algorithm," Appl. Opt. 24, 3101-3105 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. H. Massig and J. Heppner, "Fringe-pattern analysis with high accuracy by use of the Fourier-transform method: theory and experimantal tests," Appl. Opt. 40, 2081-2088 (2001). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, (Pergamon, 1980).
  23. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, (McGraw-Hill, 1968).
  24. G. O. Reynolds, J. B. DeVelis, G. B. Parrent, Jr., and B. J. Thompson, The New Physical Optics Notebook: Tutorials in Fourier Optics, (SPIE/AIP, 1989). [CrossRef]
  25. J. B. Liu and P. D. Ronney, "Modified Fourier transform method for interferogram fringe pattern analysis," Appl. Opt. 36, 6231-6241 (1997). [CrossRef]
  26. R. T. Holm, "Convention confusions," in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids II, E.D.Palik, ed. (Academic, 1991), pp. 21-55.
  27. E. D. Palik, "Gallium Arsenide (GaAs)," in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E.D.Palik, ed. (Academic, 1985), pp. 429-443.
  28. K. Sokolowski-Tinten, "Femtosekunden-laserinduzierte phasenübergänge in halbleitern," Ph.D. dissertation (University of Essen, 1994).
  29. Q. M. Zhang, G. Chiarotti, A. Selloni, R. Car, and M. Parrinello, "Atomic structure and bonding in liquid GaAs from ab initio molecular dynamics," Phys. Rev. B 42, 5071-5081 (1990). [CrossRef]
  30. D. W. Robinson, "Phase unwrapping methods," in Interferogram Analysis: Digital Fringe Pattern Measurement Techniques, D.W.Robinson and G.T.Reid, eds. (IOP, 1993), pp. 194-229.
  31. D. C. Ghiglia, G. A. Mastin, and L. A. Romero, "Cellular-automata method for phase unwrapping," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 267-280 (1987). [CrossRef]
  32. V. V. Temnov, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, S. Kudryashov, D. von der Linde, B. Kogan, B. Weyers, R. Möller, J. Seekamp, and C. Sotomayor-Torres, "Microscopic characterization of ablation craters produced by femtosecond laser pulses," in High-Power Laser Ablation IV, C.R.Phipps, ed., Proc. SPIE 4760, 1032-1039 (2002).
  33. V. V. Temnov, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, P. Zhou, B. Rethfeld, V. E. Gruzdev, A. El-Khamhawy, and D. von der Linde, "Ionization mechanisms in dielectrics irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses," in High Power Laser Ablation V, C.R.Phipps, ed., Proc. SPIE 5448, 1119-1126 (2004).
  34. C. B. Schaffer, N. Nishimura, E. N. Glezer, A. M. T. Kim, and E. Mazur, "Dynamics of femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in water from femtoseconds to microseconds," Opt. Express 10, 196-203 (2002). [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited