OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2007
  • pp: 2659–2665

Polarized spectral properties and laser demonstration of Nd 3 + : BaGd 2 ( MoO 4 ) 4 cleavage crystal

Haomiao Zhu, Yujin Chen, Yanfu Lin, Xinghong Gong, Zundu Luo, and Yidong Huang  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 24, Issue 10, pp. 2659-2665 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (210 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Detailed spectral properties of Nd 3 + : BaGd 2 ( MoO 4 ) 4 cleavage crystal have been studied. Laser operation of a cleaved 1.2 at. % Nd 3 + : BaGd 2 ( MoO 4 ) 4 crystal pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser was demonstrated. The achieved highest slope efficiencies are 51% and 16% for a 1061 and 1337 nm laser, respectively. The corresponding thresholds are 3 and 45 mW , respectively. The results reveal that the cleaved Nd 3 + :BGM crystal has a high optical quality, good parallelism, and flatness and is a promising candidate for microchip laser gain media without processing.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3380) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials
(140.3530) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, neodymium
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: June 11, 2007
Revised Manuscript: August 8, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: August 8, 2007
Published: September 21, 2007

Haomiao Zhu, Yujin Chen, Yanfu Lin, Xinghong Gong, Zundu Luo, and Yidong Huang, "Polarized spectral properties and laser demonstration of Nd3+:BaGd2(MoO4)4 cleavage crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2659-2665 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. Molva, "Microchip lasers and their applications in optical microsystems," Opt. Mater. 11, 289-299 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, Q. G. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, "Highly efficient Nd3+:LaB3O6 cleavage microchip laser," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103104 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, "Passively Q-switched laser operation of Nd:LaB3O6 cleavage microchip," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 103101 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. V. V. Vakulyuk, A. A. Evdokimov, and G. P. Khomchenko, "The BaMoO4-Ln2(MoO4)3 systems (Ln=Nd, Sm, Yb)," Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. 27, 1016-1019 (1982).
  5. T. P. Balakireva, C. M. Briskina, V. V. Vakulyuk, E. V. Vasil'ev, V. F. Zolin, A. A. Maier, V. M. Markushev, V. A. Murashov, and M. V. Provotorov, "Luminescence and stimulated emission from BaGd2−xNdx(MoO4)4 crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 398-400 (1981). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Zhao, Z. B. Lin, L. Z. Zhang, and G. F. Wang, "Growth and spectroscopic characterizations of Nd3+-doped BaGd2(MoO4)4 crystal," J. Phys. D 40, 1018-1021 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. H. M. Zhu, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, "Growth, spectral properties, and laser demonstration of Yb3+:BaGd2(MoO4)4 cleavage crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 063109 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Sato and T. Taira, "Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd3+:GdVO4 and Nd3+:YVO4 with hybrid process," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 613-620 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Garcia-Cortes, C. Cascales, A. de Andres, C. Zaldo, E. V. Zharikov, K. A. Subbotin, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, and M. Rico, "Raman scattering and Nd3+ laser operation in NaLa(WO4)2," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 157-167 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Mendez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, "Optical emission properties of Nd3+ in NaBi(WO4)2 single crystal," Mol. Phys. 101, 941-949 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Fu, Z. P. Wang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Liu, R. B. Song, H. C. Chen, and Z. S. Shao, "Effect of Nd3+ concentration on the laser performance of a new laser crystal: Nd:NaY(WO4)2," Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 593-595 (2001). [CrossRef]
  13. X. Li, Z. Lin, L. Zhang, and G. Wang, "Growth, thermal and spectral properties of Nd3+-doped NaGd(MoO4)2 crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 290, 670-673 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. B. R. Judd, "Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions," Phys. Rev. 127, 750-761 (1962). [CrossRef]
  15. G. S. Ofelt, "Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions," J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511-520 (1962). [CrossRef]
  16. H. Dai and O. M. Stafsudd, "Polarized absorption-spectrum and intensity analysis of trivalent neodymium in sodium beta alumina," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52, 367-379 (1991). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. J. Chen, X. Q. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, "Polarized spectral analysis of Nd3+ ions in LaB3O6 biaxial crystal," Chem. Phys. Lett. 397, 282-287 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968). [CrossRef]
  19. W. Krupke, "Radiative transition probabilities within the 4f3 ground configuration of Nd:YAG," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 153-159 (1971). [CrossRef]
  20. N. F. Fedorov, V. V. Ipatov, and G. I. Rozhnovskaya, "Phase equilibria in the BaMoO4-Ln2(MoO4)3 systems (Ln=Nd or Gd)," Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. 27, 1019-1022 (1982).
  21. F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, "Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, 6867-6876 (2004). [CrossRef]
  22. E. Cavalli, E. Zannoni, C. Mucchino, V. Carozzo, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and M. Bettinelli, "Optical spectroscopy of Nd3+ in KLa(MoO4)2 crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1958-1965 (1999). [CrossRef]
  23. D. Jaque, Z. D. Luo, and J. G. Sole, "Quantum efficiency of Nd-doped lasers measured by pump-induced crystal heating: application to the Nd3+: Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 72, 811-814 (2001). [CrossRef]
  24. B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, "Vibronic interactions in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925-930 (1982). [CrossRef]
  25. D. E. McCumber, "Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra," Phys. Rev. 136, A954-957 (1964). [CrossRef]
  26. D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldino, M. O. Ramirez, J. Garcia Sole, C. Zaldo, J. E. Munoz-Santiuste, A. D. Jiang, and Z. D. Luo, "Optical characterization and laser gain modeling of a NdAl3(BO3)4 (NAB) microchip laser crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561-569 (2001). [CrossRef]
  27. Z. D. Luo, Y. D. Huang, M. Montes, and D. Jaque, "Improving the performance of a neodymium aluminium borate microchip laser crystal by resonant pumping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 715-717 (2004). [CrossRef]
  28. J. P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode-pumped laser operation of neodymium-doped lanthanum scandium borate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913-917 (1994). [CrossRef]
  29. J. J. Zayhowski, "Microchip lasers," Opt. Mater. 11, 255-267 (1999). [CrossRef]
  30. Z. D. Luo, X. Y. Chen, C. Y. Tu, J. J. Romero, and J. G. Sole, "High efficient laser operation of the Nd:KGd(WO4)2 crystal grown by flux method," Chin. Phys. Lett. 17, 888-889 (2000). [CrossRef]
  31. G. Boulon, G. Metrat, N. Muhlstein, A. Brenier, M. R. Kokta, L. Kravchik, and Y. Kalisky, "Efficient diode-pumped Nd3+:KGd(WO4)2 laser grown by top nucleated floating crystal method," Opt. Mater. 24, 377-383 (2003). [CrossRef]
  32. N. Faure, C. Borel, M. Couchaud, G. Basset, R. Templier, and C. Wyon, "Optical properties and laser performance of neodymium doped scheelites CaWO4 and NaGd(WO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 63, 593-598 (1996). [CrossRef]
  33. T. T. Basiev, S. V. Vassiliev, M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, V. M. Puzikov, and M. B. Kosmyna, "Laser and self-Raman-laser oscillations of PbMoO4:Nd3+ crystal under laser diode pumping," Opt. Lett. 31, 65-67 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, and R. Moncorge, "Performance of various diode-pumped Nd-laser materials--influence of inhomogeneous broadening," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1179-1187 (1992). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited