OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2007
  • pp: 2948–2956

High-order nonlinearities of aqueous colloids containing silver nanoparticles

E. L. Falcão-Filho, Cid B. de Araújo, and J. J. Rodrigues, Jr.  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 24, Issue 12, pp. 2948-2956 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (817 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The optical nonlinearity of an aqueous colloid containing silver nanoparticles (NPs) was investigated using the Z-scan technique. Values for the third-, fifth-, seventh-, and ninth-order susceptibilities were obtained, and their dependence with the volume fraction occupied by the NPs was determined. The experiments were performed with intensities between 0.1 and 1.5 GW cm 2 using a laser at 532 nm that delivers single 80 ps pulses at a low repetition rate.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(190.3970) Nonlinear optics : Microparticle nonlinear optics
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: April 9, 2007
Revised Manuscript: September 13, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: September 27, 2007
Published: November 9, 2007

E. L. Falcão-Filho, Cid B. de Araújo, and J. J. Rodrigues, Jr., "High-order nonlinearities of aqueous colloids containing silver nanoparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2948-2956 (2007)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. See, for example, M. Yamane, and Y. Asahara, Glasses for Photonics (Cambridge U. Press, 2000). [CrossRef]
  2. E. L. Falcão-Filho, C. A. C. Bosco, G. S. Maciel, L. H. Acioli, C. B. de Araújo, A. A. Lipovskii, and D. K. Tagantsev, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of a transparent glass ceramic containing sodium niobate nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. B 69, 134204 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668-677 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Kuwata, H. Tamaru, K. Esumi, and K. Miyano, "Resonant light scattering from metal nanoparticles: practical analysis beyond Rayleigh approximation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4625-4627 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Bosbach, C. Hendrich, F. Stietz, T. Vartanyan, and F. Träger, "Ultrafast dephasing of surface plasmon excitation in silver nanoparticles: influence of particle size, shape, and chemical surrounding," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 257404 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. M. Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, "Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters," J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 6853-6863 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, and V. Coello, "Direct observation of localized second-harmonic enhancement in random metal nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 197403 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. H. G. Miranda, E. L. Falcão-Filho, J. J. Rodrigues, Jr., C. B. de Araújo, and L. H. Acioli, "Ultrafast light-induced dichroism in silver nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 70, 161401(R) (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. V. P. Drachev, E. N. Khaliullin, W. Kim, F. Alzoubi, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov, R. L. Armstrong, and V. M. Shalaev, "Quantum size effect in two-photon excited luminescence from silver nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 035318 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Voisin, D. Chistofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Valée, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, J. Lermé, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Size-dependent electron-electron interactions in metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2200-2203 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, "Spectral properties and relaxation dynamics of surface plasmon electronic oscillations in gold and silver nanodots and nanorods," J. Phys. Chem. 103, 8410-8426 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. V. P. Drachev, W. D. Bragg, V. A. Podolskiy, V. P. Safanov, W. T. Kim, Z. C. Ying, R. L. Armstrong, and V. M. Shalaev, "Large local optical activity in fractal aggregates of nanoparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1896-1903 (2001). [CrossRef]
  13. J. P. Kottmann and O. J. F. Martin, "Retardation-induced plasmon resonances in coupled nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 26, 1096-1098 (2001). [CrossRef]
  14. E. L. Falcão-Filho, C. B. de Araújo, A. Galembeck, M. M. Oliveira, and A. J. G. Zarbin, "Nonlinear susceptibility of colloids consisting of silver nanoparticles in carbon disulfide," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2444-2449 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. I. Antonov, F. Bass, Yu Kaganovskii, M. Rosenbluh, and A. A. Lipovskii, "Fabrication of microlenses in Ag-doped glasses by a focused continuous wave laser beam," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 2343-2348 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. J. Qiu, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, H. Inouye, J. Si, and K. Hirao, "Optical properties of structurally modified glasses doped with gold ions," Opt. Lett. 29, 370-372 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. Ricard, Ph. Roussignol, and C. Flytzanis, "Surface-mediated enhancement of optical phase conjugation in metal colloids," Opt. Lett. 10, 511-513 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. F. Hache, D. Ricard, and C. Flytzanis, "Optical nonlinearities of small metal particles: surface-mediated resonance and quantum size effects," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1647-1655 (1986). [CrossRef]
  19. G. S. Agarwal and S. Dutta Gupta, "T-matrix approach to the nonlinear susceptibilities of heterogeneous media," Phys. Rev. A 38, 5678-5687 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. N. C. Kothari, "Effective-medium theory of a nonlinear composite medium using the T-matrix approach: exact results for spherical grains," Phys. Rev. A 41, 4486-4492 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. I. Stockman, K. B. Kurlayev, and T. F. George, "Linear and nonlinear optical susceptibilities of Maxwell-Garnett composites: dipolar spectral theory," Phys. Rev. B 60, 17071-17083 (1999). [CrossRef]
  22. P. M. Hui, "Higher order nonlinear response in dilute random composites," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 4072-4073 (1993). [CrossRef]
  23. X. Liu and Z. Li, "High order nonlinear susceptibilities of composite medium," Solid State Commun. 96, 981-985 (1995). [CrossRef]
  24. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurements of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990). [CrossRef]
  25. P. C. Lee and D. Meisel, "Adsorption and surface-enhanced Raman of dyes on silver and gold sols," J. Phys. Chem. 86, 3391-3395 (1982). [CrossRef]
  26. See, for instance, Z. Peng, T. Walther, and K. Kleinermanns, "Photofragmentation of phase-transferred gold nanoparticles by intense pulsed laser light," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 15735-15740 (2005), and references therein. [CrossRef]
  27. L. H. Acioli, M. H. G. Miranda, E. L. Falcão-Filho, J. J. Rodrigues, Jr., and C. B. de Araújo, "Time-resolved spectroscopy of metal nanoellipsoid," Proc. SPIE 6118, 61180S (2006).
  28. H. Ma, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, "Measurements of nondegenerate optical nonlinearity using a two-color single beam method," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2666-2668 (1991). [CrossRef]
  29. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972). [CrossRef]
  30. A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. H. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 405-414 (1992). [CrossRef]
  31. B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, W. E. Torruellas, G. E. Stegeman, S. Etemad, G. Baker, and F. Kajzar, "Measurement of the complex nonlinear refractive index of single crystal p-toluene sulfonate at 1064nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2773-2775 (1994). [CrossRef]
  32. Y. Hamanaka, A. Nakamura, N. Hayashi, and S. Omi, "Dispersion curves of complex third-order optical susceptibilities around the surface plasmon resonance in Ag nanocrystal-glass composites," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1227-1232 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited