OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2007
  • pp: 2369–2372

Localized light in a multiple photonic quantum well system

Ronggang Liu and Bingzheng Gai  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 24, Issue 9, pp. 2369-2372 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (510 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Localization of light in a basic multiple photonic quantum well system (MPQWS) is investigated with the finite-difference time-domain method. Resonance tunneling and splitting are observed in a MPQWS, as electron waves to a superlattice. Our numerical results reveal a quite interesting hierarchic distribution of the field mode when the system is illuminated with plane waves at a specific frequency. That is, if the number of wells is odd (even), strong localized states occur in odd (even) indexed wells. Light localization in a MPQWS, however, seems to be confined only in a narrow incident frequency window.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(350.4600) Other areas of optics : Optical engineering

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: February 12, 2007
Revised Manuscript: May 28, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: May 28, 2007
Published: August 23, 2007

Ronggang Liu and Bingzheng Gai, "Localized light in a multiple photonic quantum well system," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2369-2372 (2007)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, 1995).
  4. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, "Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153904 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Yamilov, X. Wu, X. Liu, R. P. H. Chang, and H. Cao, "Self-optimization of optical confinement in an ultraviolet photonic crystal slab laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 083905 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Y. Lin and G. Arjavalingam, "Photonic bound states in two-dimensional photonic crystals probed by coherent-microwave transient spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2124-2127 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Jiang, C. Niu, and D. L. Lin, "Resonance tunneling through photonic quantum wells," Phys. Rev. B 59, 9981-9986 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. F. Qiao, C. Zhang, J. Wan, and J. Zi, "Photonic quantum-well structures: multiple channeled filtering phenomena," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3698-3700 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. T. Zentgraf, A. Christ, J. Kuhl, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, D. Nau, and H. Giessen, "Metallodielectric photonic crystal superlattices: influence of periodic defects on transmission properties," Phys. Rev. B 73, 115103 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. El Hassouani, H. Aynaou, E. H. El Boudouti, B. Djafari-Rouhani, A. Akjouj, and V. R. Velasco, "Surface electromagnetic waves in Fibonacci superlattices: theoretical and experimental results," Phys. Rev. B 74, 035314 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. D. B. Ge and Y. B. Yan, Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method for Electromagnetic Waves, 2nd ed. (Xidian U. Press, 2005).
  13. A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 3rd ed. (Artech House, 2005).
  14. J. K. Butler, D. E. Ackley, and D. Botez, "Coupled-mode analysis of phase-locked injection laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 293-295 (1984). [CrossRef]
  15. W. Ding, L. Chen, and S. Liu, "Localization properties and the effects on multi-mode switching in discrete mode CCWs," Opt. Commun. 248, 479-484 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Large omnidirectional band gaps in metallodielectric photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 54, 11245-11251 (1996). [CrossRef]
  17. G. Mur, "Absorbing boundary conditions for the finite-difference approximation of the time-domain electromagnetic-field equations," IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. 23, 377-382 (1981). [CrossRef]
  18. J. P. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves," J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185-200 (1994). [CrossRef]
  19. R. Tsu and L. Esaki, "Tunneling in a finite superlattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 562-564 (1973). [CrossRef]
  20. D. M. Sullivan, Electromagnetic Simulation Using the FDTD Method (IEEE, 2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited