OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry Van Driel
  • Vol. 26, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2009
  • pp: 1688–1692

Direct observation of negative refraction at the millimeter-wave regime by using a flat composite metamaterial

Kamil Boratay Alici and Ekmel Ozbay  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 26, Issue 9, pp. 1688-1692 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.26.001688


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (530 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We studied the transmission characteristics of a one-dimensional metamaterial slab operating at the millimeter-wave regime. The double-negative nature was proven by using a normal incidence transmission study. A split-ring resonator based metamaterial flat lens with five layers at the propagation direction was constructed and illuminated with oblique incidence. From the scanning experiments, the shifting of the beam to the negative side was observed. The experimental results are in agreement with the Drude–Lorentz model based simulations. Two-dimensional field maps that were obtained from these simulations demonstrated negative refraction, negative phase velocity, and the reflected beam properties at 99 GHz .

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(260.5740) Physical optics : Resonance
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials

ToC Category:
Metamaterials

History
Original Manuscript: January 9, 2009
Revised Manuscript: June 2, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: July 19, 2009
Published: August 14, 2009

Citation
Kamil Boratay Alici and Ekmel Ozbay, "Direct observation of negative refraction at the millimeter-wave regime by using a flat composite metamaterial," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1688-1692 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-26-9-1688


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneous negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. V. G. Veselago, “Electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative electrical and magnetic permeabilities,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509-516 (1968). [CrossRef]
  3. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075-2084 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Ozbay and K. Aydin, “Negative refraction and imaging beyond the diffraction limit by a two-dimensional left-handed metamaterial,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 108-115 (2008). [CrossRef]
  6. M. C. K. Wiltshire, J. B. Pendry, I. R. Young, D. J. Larkman, D. J. Gilderdale, and J. V. Hajnal, “Microstructured magnetic materials for RF flux guides in magnetic resonance imaging,” Science 291, 849-851 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Bilotti, A. Alu, and L. Vegni, “Design of miniaturized metamaterial patch antennas with μ-negative loading,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1640-1647 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Gokkavas, K. Guven, I. Bulu, K. Aydin, R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Experimental demonstration of a left-handed metamaterial operating at 100 GHz,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 193103 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. K. B. Alici and E. Ozbay, “Characterization and tilted response of a fishnet metamaterial operating at 100 GHz,” J. Phys. D 41, 135011 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. B. D. F. Casse, M. O. Moser, J. W. Lee, M. Bahou, S. Inglis, and L. K. Jian, “Towards three-dimensional and multilayer rod-split-ring metamaterial structures by means of deep x-ray lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 254106 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100terahertz,” Science 306, 1351-1353 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, S. Burger, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic metamaterials at telecommunication and visible frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203901 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 223902 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. Aydin and E. Ozbay, “Negative refraction through an impedance matched left-handed metamaterial slab,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 415-418 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. User Manual, Version 5.0, CST GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany, 2005, http://www.cst.de.
  16. E. Ozbay, K. Aydin, E. Cubukcu, and M. Bayindir, “Transmission and reflection properties of composite double negative metamaterials in free space,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 51, 2592-2595 (2003). [CrossRef]
  17. Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Effective medium theory of lefthanded materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. K. B. Alici and E. Ozbay, “A planar metamaterial: polarization independent fishnet structure,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 102-107 (2008). [CrossRef]
  19. http://www.home.agilent.com. Agilent N5250C Millimeter-Wave PNA Series vector network analyzer
  20. D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 036617 (2005). [CrossRef]
  21. K. B. Alici and E. Ozbay, “Oblique response of a split-ring-resonator-based left-handed metamaterial slab,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2294-2296 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material


» Media 1: MPG (1031 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited