OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2010
  • pp: 2322–2327

Extreme pulse-front tilt from an etalon

Pamela Bowlan and Rick Trebino  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 27, Issue 11, pp. 2322-2327 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.27.002322


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (378 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Angular dispersion—whether from prisms, diffraction gratings, or etalons—is well known to result in a pulse-front tilt. Focusing into a tilted etalon, in particular, generates a huge angular dispersion, which is very useful for high-resolution spectrometers and pulse shapers. Here we demonstrate experimentally that, due to the large angular dispersion ( 3 ° / nm ) , the pulse directly out of an etalon can have a huge pulse-front tilt—89.9°—which can cause one side of a few-millimeter-wide beam to lead the other by 1 m, that is, several nanoseconds. We propagated a 700 ps near-transform-limited pulse through the etalon and measured the resulting spatiotemporal field, confirming this result. To make this measurement, we used a high-spectral-resolution version of crossed-beam spectral interferometry, which used a high-resolution etalon spectrometer. We also performed simulations, which we found to be in good agreement with our measurements.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(300.6190) Spectroscopy : Spectrometers
(320.4240) Ultrafast optics : Nanosecond phenomena
(320.5550) Ultrafast optics : Pulses
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 14, 2010
Revised Manuscript: July 18, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: July 19, 2010
Published: October 18, 2010

Citation
Pamela Bowlan and Rick Trebino, "Extreme pulse-front tilt from an etalon," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 2322-2327 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-27-11-2322


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. Akturk, X. Gu, P. Gabolde, and R. Trebino, “The general theory of first-order spatio-temporal distortions of Gaussian pulses and beams,” Opt. Express 13, 8642–8661 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, “Spatio-temporal characterization of the electric field of ultrashort optical pulses using two-dimensional shearing interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 209–217 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Bor, B. Racz, G. Szabo, M. Hilbert, and H. A. Hazim, “Femtosecond pulse front tilt caused by angular dispersion,” Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 32, 2501–2504 (1993). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Hebling, “Derivation of the pulse front tilt caused by angular dispersion,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1759–1763 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. O. E. Martinez, “Pulse distortions in tilted pulse schemes for ultrashort pulses,” Opt. Commun. 59, 229–232 (1986). [CrossRef]
  6. O. E. Martinez, “Grating and prism compressors in the case of finite beam size,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 929–934 (1986). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Akturk, X. Gu, E. Zeek, and R. Trebino, “Pulse-front tilt caused by spatial and temporal chirp,” Opt. Express 12, 4399–4410 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Wyatt and E. E. Marinero, “Versatile single-shot background-free pulse duration measurement technique for pulses of subnanosecond to picosecond duration,” Appl. Phys. 25, 297–301 (1981). [CrossRef]
  9. G. Szabó, Z. Bor, and A. Müller, “Phase-sensitive single-pulse autocorrelator for ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 13, 746–748 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, “Non-reciprocal ultrafast laser writing,” Nat. Photonics 2, 99–104 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Xiao, J. D. McKinney, and A. M. Weiner, “Photonic microwave arbitrary waveform generation using a virtually imaged phased-array (VIPA) direct space-to-time pulse shaper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1936–1938 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge University Press, 1999).
  13. M. Shirasaki, “Large angular dispersion by a virtually imaged phased array and its application to a wavelength demultiplexer,” Opt. Lett. 21, 366–368 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Xiao and A. Weiner, “2-D wavelength demultiplexer with potential for 1000 channels in the C-band,” Opt. Express 12, 2895–2902 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. V. R. Supradeepa, C. B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping in two dimensions: Towards higher complexity optical waveforms,” Opt. Express 16, 11878–11887 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, “Time impulse responce and time frequency responce of optical pupils,” Nouv. Rev. Opt. 4, 183–196 (1973). [CrossRef]
  17. D. Meshulach, D. Yelin, and Y. Silbergerg, “Real-time spatial-spectral interference measurements of ultrashort optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2095–2098 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. P. Bowlan, P. Gabolde, A. Schreenath, K. McGresham, R. Trebino, and S. Akturk, “Crossed-beam spectral interferometry: a simple, high-spectral-resolution method for completely characterizing complex ultrashort pulses in real time,” Opt. Express 14, 11892–11900 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, S. Rebibo, and J. C. Gauthier, “Single-shot spectral interferometry with chirped pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1612–1614 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. K. Misawa and T. Kobayashi, “Femtosecond Sangac interferometer for phase spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1550–1552 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (Roberts, 2005).
  22. S. Xiao, A. M. Weiner, and C. Lin, “A dispersion law for virtually imaged phased-array spectral dispersers based on paraxial wave theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 420–426 (2004). [CrossRef]
  23. P. Gabolde, D. Lee, S. Akturk, and R. Trebino, “Describing first-order spatio-temporal distortions in ultrashort pulses using normalized parameters,” Opt. Express 15, 242–251 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited