OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2010
  • pp: 927–932

Pulse recording of thermal and linkage isomer gratings in nitrosyl compounds

Mikhail Goulkov, Dominik Schaniel, and Theo Woike  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 27, Issue 5, pp. 927-932 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (233 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Two different kinds of short-lived phase gratings are written with identically and orthogonally polarized waves using nanosecond laser pulses in single crystals of the nitrosyl compounds Na 2 [ Fe ( CN ) 5 NO ] 2 H 2 O , ( CN 3 H 6 ) 2 [ Fe ( CN ) 5 NO ] , and Ba [ Fe ( CN ) 5 NO ] 3 H 2 O . With identically polarized recording beams thermal gratings are written by the thermo-optic effect, which results from the spatially modulated thermo-optic coefficient n / T . The lifetime τ dif of such gratings depends quadratically on the spatial grating frequency K with the thermal diffusion coefficient D dif as the material parameter: τ dif = D dif 1 K 2 . Upon recording with mutually orthogonally polarized beams no intensity modulation occurs, but the resulting modulation of the polarization leads to the generation of light-induced linkage NO-isomers with varying efficiency according to the local state of the light polarization. This rotation of the NO ligand by nearly 90° results in a modulation of the polarizability and with this of the refractive index of the crystal.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings
(160.5320) Materials : Photorefractive materials
(350.5130) Other areas of optics : Photochemistry
(160.5335) Materials : Photosensitive materials

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: December 23, 2009
Revised Manuscript: March 3, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: March 4, 2010
Published: April 20, 2010

Mikhail Goulkov, Dominik Schaniel, and Theo Woike, "Pulse recording of thermal and linkage isomer gratings in nitrosyl compounds," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 927-932 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. Schaniel, M. Imlau, T. Weisemoeller, T. Woike, K. W. Krämer, and H.-U. Güdel, “Photoinduced nitrosyl linkage isomers uncover a variety of unconventional photorefractive media,” Adv. Mater. 19, 723–726 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. P. Coppens, I. Novozhilova, and A. Kovalevsky, “Photoinduced linkage isomers of transition-metal nitrosyl compounds and related complexes,” Chem. Rev. 102, 861–883 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. Gütlich, Y. Garcia, and Th. Woike, “Photoswitchable coordination compounds,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 219–221, 839–879 (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. M. D. Carducci, M. R. Pressprich, and P. Coppens, “Diffraction studies of photoexcited crystals: Metastable nitrosyl-linkage isomers of sodium nitroprusside,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 2669–2678 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. D. Schaniel, Th. Woike, J. Schefer, and V. Petricek, “Structure of the light-induced metastable state SII in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]⋅2H2O,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 174112 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Schaniel, Th. Woike, J. Schefer, V. Petricek, K. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Neutron diffraction shows a photoinduced isonitrosyl linkage isomer in the metastable state SI of Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]⋅2D2O,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 174108 (2006). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Schaniel and Th. Woike, “Necessary conditions for the photogeneration of nitrosyl linkage isomers,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 4391–4395 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. Delley, J. Schefer, and Th. Woike, “Giant lifetimes of optically excited states and the elusive structure of sodium nitroprusside,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 10067–10074 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Buchs, C. A. Daul, P. T. Manoharan, and C. W. Schläpfer, “Density functional study of nitroprusside: Mechanism of the photochemical formation and deactivation of the metastable states,” Int. J. Quantum Chem. 91, 418–431 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. Th. Woike, S. Haussühl, B. Sugg, R. A. Rupp, J. Beckers, M. Imlau, and R. Schieder, “Phase gratings in the visible and near-infrared spectral range realized by metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]⋅2H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 243–248 (1996).
  11. M. Imlau, S. Haussuehl, T. Woike, R. Schieder, W. Angelov, R. A. Rupp, and K. Schwarz, “Holographic recording by excitation of metastable electronic states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]⋅2H2O: A new photorefractive effect,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 68, 877–885 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. D. Schaniel, Th. Woike, L. Tsankov, and M. Imlau, “Evidence of four light-induced metastable states in iron-nitrosyl complexes,” Thermochim. Acta 429, 19–23 (2005). [CrossRef]
  13. Th. Woike, W. Krasser, H. Zöllner, W. Kirchner, and S. Haussühl, “Population dynamics of the 2 light-induced metastable states in Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]⋅2H2O single crystals,” Z. Phys. D 25, 351–356 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. D. Schaniel, T. Woike, C. Merschjann, and M. Imlau, “Transient kinetics of light-induced metastable states in single crystals and aqueous solutions of Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]⋅2H2O,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 195119 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. I. de Oliveira and J. Freijlich, “Dielectric relaxation time measurement in absorbing photorefractive materials,” Opt. Commun. 178, 251–255 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. F. Jermann and K. Buse, “Light-induced thermal gratings in LiNbO3:Fe,” Appl. Phys. B 59, 437–443 (1994). [CrossRef]
  17. H. Eichler, P. Günther, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer, 1986).
  18. A. Eucken, Grundlagen der Chemischen Physik (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft Becker und Erler Kom. Ges, 1944), Vol. II.
  19. W. Kaminsky, “Variation des Faraday-effektes bei phasenumwandlungen und photochromatischen prozessen,” Ph.D. thesis (University of Cologne, 1989).
  20. Y. Morioka, H. Saitoh, and H. Machida, “Spatially modulated refractive indices and optical filter characteristics in the light-induced metastable state of Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]⋅2H2O,” J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 3517–3523 (2002). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Imlau, Th. Woike, R. Schieder, and R. A. Rupp, “Holographic recording with orthogonally polarized waves in centrosymmetric Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]⋅2H2O,” Eur. Lett. 53, 471–477 (2001). [CrossRef]
  22. K. Ookubo, Y. Morioka, H. Tomizawa, and E. Miki, “Vibrational spectroscopic study of light-induced metastable states of ethylenediaminenitrosylruthenium(II) complexes,” J. Mol. Struct. 379, 241–247 (1996). [CrossRef]
  23. D. Schaniel, Th. Woike, B. Delley, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H.-U. Güdel, “Generation of one light-induced metastable nitrosyl linkage isomer in [Pt(NH3)4Cl(NO)]Cl2 in the red spectral range,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 9, 5149–5157 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. D. Schaniel, Th. Woike, B. Delley, C. Boskovic, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H.-U. Güdel, “Long-lived light-induced metastable states in trans-[Ru(NH3)4(H2O)NO]Cl3H2O and related compounds,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 7, 1164–1170 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. D. Schaniel, B. Cormary, I. Malfant, L. Valade, Th. Woike, B. Delley, K. W. Krämer, and H.-U. Güdel, “Photogeneration of two metastable NO linkage isomers with high populations of up to 76% in trans-[RuCl(py)4(NO)][PF6]2⋅1/2H2O,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 9, 3717–3724 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited