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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2012
  • pp: 2721–2728

Polarization characteristics of nonlinear refraction and nonlinear scattering in several solvents

Xiao-Qing Yan, Zhi-Bo Liu, Yong-Sheng Chen, and Jian-Guo Tian  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 29, Issue 10, pp. 2721-2728 (2012)

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The polarization characteristics of nonlinear refraction and nonlinear scattering in several solvents (toluene, o-dichlorobenzene, N, N-dimethylformamide) are studied using the polarized light Z-scan technique with femtosecond laser pulses. For nonlinear refraction, the physical mechanism of the polarization characteristics is that the nonlinear polarization component related to Re(χxyyx(3)) could be adjusted by polarization state of incident light in isotropic media. For nonlinear scattering, the polarization characteristic is related to the self-focusing effect, which depends on the nonlinear refractive index and polarization state of incident light. In addition, the values of nonlinear refractive indices and third-order nonlinear susceptibility components are determined for these solvents at the femtosecond time scale. Both nonresonant electronic nonlinearity and fast noninstantaneous nuclear nonlinearity contribute to these values at the pulse width used in the measurements. Also, these nonlinear refractive indices and third-order nonlinear susceptibility components could be used in calculating nonlinear optical parameters of those novel materials that need to be dissolved in these solvents in nonlinear optical measurements.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.6710) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Susceptibility
(190.5890) Nonlinear optics : Scattering, stimulated
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(290.5855) Scattering : Scattering, polarization

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: May 22, 2012
Revised Manuscript: July 21, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: August 6, 2012
Published: September 11, 2012

Xiao-Qing Yan, Zhi-Bo Liu, Yong-Sheng Chen, and Jian-Guo Tian, "Polarization characteristics of nonlinear refraction and nonlinear scattering in several solvents," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2721-2728 (2012)

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