The use of self-phase modulation in a single-mode fiber to chirp an optical pulse, which is then compressed with a grating-pair compressor, has been shown to be a practical technique for the production of optical pulses at least as short as 30 fsec. We report the results of a theoretical analysis of this process. Numerical results are presented for the achievable compression and compressed pulse quality as functions of fiber length and input pulse intensity. These results are given in normalized units such that they can be scaled to describe a wide variety of experimental situations and can be used to determine the optimum fiber length and compressor parameters for any given input pulse. Specific numerical examples are presented that suggest that the technique will generally be useful for input pulses shorter than about 100 psec. For energies of a few nanojoules per pulse, the compressed pulse widths will typically be in the femtosecond regime.
© 1984 Optical Society of America
W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and C. V. Shank, "Compression of optical pulses chirped by self-phase modulation in fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139-149 (1984)