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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 1, Iss. 2 — Apr. 1, 1984
  • pp: 311–313

Hyperfine structure and the broadening of sunspot spectral lines

R. H. Garstang  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 1, Issue 2, pp. 311-313 (1984)

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The combined effects of hyperfine structure and Zeeman splitting have been calculated for the a6D1/2z6D1/2 line of Mn i at wavelength 4070.28 Å, which is observed as a broad line in sunspot spectra. An effective Z factor is defined to represent the mean position of the strong components of the line for fields above 500 G. This Z factor might provide a method of monitoring sunspot magnetic fields.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

R. H. Garstang, "Hyperfine structure and the broadening of sunspot spectral lines," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 311-313 (1984)

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  1. J. G. Timothy, Department of Astrophysical, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (personal communication).
  2. J. W. Harvey, A Photographic Spectral Atlas of a Sunspot between 3813 and 9182 Angstroms (Kitt Peak National Observatory, Tucson, Ariz., 1977), plate 6.
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  5. Ref. 4, p. 26.
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  9. B. G. Wybourne, Spectroscopic Properties of Rare Earths (Interscience, New York, 1965), pp. 155–156. The denominator 2F(4F2 – 1)½ has been omitted in his Eq. (5–118).
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  11. C. M. Lederer, J. M. Hollander, and I. Perlman, Tables of Isotopes, 6th ed. (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 188.
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  13. E. Back and S. Goudsmit, "Kernmoment und Zeemaneffekt von Wismut," Z. Phys. 47, 174–183 (1928). [CrossRef]
  14. A. G. Shenstone and H. A. Blair, "A method for the magnetic analysis of a spectrum by means of unresolved Zeeman patterns, and its application to Ag II," Phil. Mag. 8, 765–771 (1929).

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