I present a treatment of highly localized defect states in photonic band-gap crystals. Vector Wannier functions, which are expected to be highly localized about the atomic sites, are introduced as an orthonormal basis to expand the fields within the crystal. A Green’s function formalism is employed to take advantage of the fact that the defect occupies only a small fraction of the volume within a primitive cell and the localized nature of the vector Wannier functions. This suggests that the size of the matrices involved in determining the defect mode frequencies may be relatively modest.
© 1993 Optical Society of America
K. M. Leung, "Defect modes in photonic band structures: a Green’s function approach using vector Wannier functions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 303-306 (1993)