OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 11, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 1994
  • pp: 2167–2174

Photorefractive two-beam-coupling nonlinear joint-transform correlator

Jehad Khoury, Mark Cronin-Golomb, Peter Gianino, and Charles Woods  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 11, Issue 11, pp. 2167-2174 (1994)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.11.002167


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1408 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

An all-optical nonlinear joint-transform correlator that is based on a square-law receiver has been implemented for the first time to our knowledge without the use of a spatial light modulator and digital processing in the Fourier plane. The correlator uses energy transfer from two-beam coupling in the Fourier plane. We implement compressional nonlinearity in the hard-clipped regime by pumping a weak plane wave with the intense joint spectrum of the reference and the signal images. Operation of this device rivals or exceeds that of the phase-only filter for detecting objects in cluttered noise. Experimental results are compared with both plane-wave and beam-propagation simulations.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

Citation
Jehad Khoury, Mark Cronin-Golomb, Peter Gianino, and Charles Woods, "Photorefractive two-beam-coupling nonlinear joint-transform correlator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2167-2174 (1994)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-11-11-2167


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. O. White and A. Yariv, "Real time image processing via four-wave mixing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 5–7 (1980). [CrossRef]
  2. M. G. Nicholson, I. R. Cooper, M. W. McCall, and C. R. Petts, "Simple computational model of image correlation by four-wave mixing in photorefractive media," Appl. Opt. 26, 278–286 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. L. Horner and P. D. Gianino, "Phase-only matched filtering," Appl. Opt. 23, 812–816 (1984). [CrossRef]
  4. J. L. Horner and P. D. Gianino, "Pattern recognition with binary phase-only filters," Appl. Opt. 24, 609–611 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. V. K. V. Kumar and L. Hassebrook, "Performance measurement of correlation filters," Appl. Opt. 29, 2997–3006 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. L. Horner, "Metrics for assessing pattern recognition performance," Appl. Opt. 31, 165–166 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Khoury, J. C. Fu, M. Cronin-Golomb and C. Woods, "Quadratic processing and nonlinear optical phase rectification in noise reduction," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1960–1971 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. B. Javidi, "Nonlinear joint power spectrum based optical correlation," Appl. Opt. 28, 2358–2367 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. S. Weaver and J. W. Goodman, "Technique for optically convolving two functions," Appl. Opt. 5, 1248–1249 (1966). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Khoury, A. M. Biernaki, C. Woods, and M. Cronin-Golomb, "Photorefractive quadratic processor for signal recovery from multiplicative complex noise," Opt. Eng. 32, 2872–2876 (1993). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Khoury, A. M. Biernaki, and M. Cronin-Golomb, "Photorefractive phase conjugate techniques for measuring surface granularity," Appl. Opt. (to be published).
  12. K. H. Fielding and J. L. Horner, "Clutter effects on optical correlators," in Optical Information Processing Systems and Architectures, B. Javidi, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. In-strum. Eng. 1151, 130–137 (1989); D. L. Flannery and J. L. Horner, "Fourier optics signal processing," Proc. IEEE 77, 1511–1527 (1989). [CrossRef]
  13. P. Yeh, "Photorefractive phase conjugators," Proc. IEEE 80, 436–450 (1992). [CrossRef]
  14. G. C. Valley and M. B. Klein, "Optimal properties of photorefractive material for optical data processing," Opt. Eng. 22, 704–711 (1983). [CrossRef]
  15. J. A. Khoury and R. W. Eason, "Photorefractive deconvolu-tion techniques for optical differentiation of images," J. Mod. Opt. 36, 369–379 (1989). [CrossRef]
  16. M. Cronin-Golomb, "Whole beam method for photorefractive nonlinear optics," Opt. Commun. 89, 276–282 (1992). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Cronin-Golomb, H. Kong, and W. Krolikowski, "Photorefractive two-beam coupling with light of partial spatiotem-poral coherence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1698–1703 (1992). [CrossRef]
  18. 18. V. A. D'yakov, S. A. Korol'kov, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, and A. A. Zozulya, "Reflection-grating photorefractive self-pumped ring mirror," Opt. Lett. 16, 1614–1616 (1991). [CrossRef]
  19. P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993).
  20. RCA, Electro-optics Handbook, Technical Series EOH-11 (Pan Americard Copyright, RCA Corporation, Lancaster, Pa., 1974); S. O. Rice, "Mathematical analysis of random noise," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 23, 232–332 (1944).
  21. H. L. Van Trees, Detection, Estimation and Modulation Theory, Part 1 (Wiley, New York, 1968), Chap. 2, pp. 39, 100; Chap. 4, p. 251.
  22. B. Javidi, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Mansfield, Conn. 06268 (personal communication).
  23. T. Grycewicz, J. L. Horner, and B. Javidi, "Fourier plane binarization processing for the optical joint transform correlator," presented at OSA Annual Meeting, Toronto, October 3–8, 1993.
  24. B. V. K. V. Kumar and Z. Bahri, "Phase only filter with improved signal to noise ratio," Appl. Opt. 28, 250–257 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. B. Javidi, Ph. Réfrégier, and P. Willet, "Optimal receiver design for pattern recognition with nonoverlapping target and scene noise," Opt. Lett. 18, 1660–1662 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. B. Javidi and J. L. Horner, "Single spatial light modulator joint transform correlator," Appl. Opt. 28, 1027–1032 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. L. Pichon and J.-P. Huignard, "Dynamic joint-Fourier transform correlator by Bragg diffraction in BSO crystal," Opt. Commun. 36, 277–280 (1981). [CrossRef]
  28. B. Loiseaux, G. Illiaquer, and J.-P. Huignard, "Dynamic optical cross correlation using a liquid crystal valve and BSO crystal in the Fourier plane," Opt. Eng. 24, 144–149 (1985). [CrossRef]
  29. I. R. Cooper, M. G. Nicholson, and C. R. Petts, "Dynamic frequency plane correlator," Proc. IEEE Pt. J. 133, 70–76 (1986).
  30. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, McGraw-Hill Physical and Quantum Electronics Series (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968), Chap. 7, p. 146.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited