We study the possibility of employing phase-sensitive parametric amplifiers to compensate for losses incurred by solitons propagating in optical fibers. As phase-sensitive amplification is free from the excess spontaneous noise associated with laser amplifiers, the only quantum noise source in such a system arises from the fiber losses. In addition, under phase-sensitive amplification, fluctuations in the soliton frequency are squeezed to one half of the vacuum level, thus producing a negligible contribution to the fluctuations in the soliton arrival time. This greatly reduces the Gordon–Haus jitter of the solitons. The performance of the phase-sensitive amplifier is compared with that of alternative noise-reduction schemes employing phase-insensitive amplifiers and spectral filters as well as with the limits on long-distance data transmission imposed by quantum mechanics.
© 1994 Optical Society of America
I. H. Deutsch and I. Abram, "Reduction of quantum noise in soliton propagation by phase-sensitive amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2303-2313 (1994)