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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 11, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 1994
  • pp: 1332–1335

Behavior of atoms in a compressed magneto-optical trap

Wolfgang Petrich, Michael H. Anderson, Jason R. Ensher, and Eric A. Cornell  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 11, Issue 8, pp. 1332-1335 (1994)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.11.001332


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Abstract

We investigate the behavior of a cloud of atoms in a magneto-optical trap, which—after collection—is compressed when the field gradients of the trap magnetic field are increased. We measure sizes and shapes of the atom cloud as a function of laser detuning, magnetic field gradient, and number of trapped atoms. A transient density increase of more than an order of magnitude has been achieved. Moreover, reproducible Gaussian density distributions are observed at large detunings and intermediate magnetic-field gradients, permitting an accurate determination of density.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

Citation
Wolfgang Petrich, Michael H. Anderson, Jason R. Ensher, and Eric A. Cornell, "Behavior of atoms in a compressed magneto-optical trap," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1332-1335 (1994)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-11-8-1332

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