A nonclassical feature of the fourth-order interference at a beam splitter, that genuine photon spin singlets are emitted in predetermined directions even when incident photons are unpolarized, has been used in a proposal for an experiment that imposes a quantum spin correlation on truly independent photons. In the experiment two photons from two such singlets interfere at a beam splitter, and as a result the other two photons—which nowhere interacted and whose paths nowhere crossed—exhibit a 100% correlation in polarization, even when no polarization has been measured in the first two photons. The proposed experiment permits closure of the remaining loopholes in the Bell theorem proof, reveals the quantum nonlocality as a property of selection, and pioneers an experimental procedure for the exact preparation of unequal superposition.
© 1995 Optical Society of America
Mladen Pavičić, "Spin-correlated interferometry with beam splitters: preselection of spin-correlated photons," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 821-828 (1995)