The performance of four different mutually pumped phase conjugators in barium titanate depends on the mutual coherence of the two input beams. In three of the conjugators the use of fully mutually coherent input beams enhances the overall phase-conjugate reflectivity. We find that backscattering and transmission gratings in the photorefractive crystal both contribute to the phase-conjugate signal and that their relative strength depends on the relative coherence of the two input beams. We numerically solve coupled-wave equations that include all gratings and find reasonable agreement between our theory and our experimental data.
© 1995 Optical Society of America
San-Ching De La Cruz, Stuart MacCormack, Jack Feinberg, Q. Byron He, Hua-Kuang Liu, and Pochi Yeh, "Effect of beam coherence on mutually pumped phase conjugators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1363-1369 (1995)