The force that is produced from the momentum change of a stream of photons incident upon micrometer-sized spheres is developed from a ray-optic model. The resulting force component expressions, axial and radial with respect to the photon stream center and incident direction, are in a form that makes them suitable for computer modeling of the levitation phenomena. Simulated results presented are in excellent agreement with published experimental observations.
© 1995 Optical Society of America
R. C. Gauthier and S. Wallace, "Optical levitation of spheres: analytical development and numerical computations of the force equations," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1680-1686 (1995)