OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 12, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 1995
  • pp: 1741–1746

Secondary pulsations driven by spatial hole burning in modulated vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser diodes

A. Valle, J. Sarma, and K. A. Shore  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 12, Issue 9, pp. 1741-1746 (1995)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.12.001741


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (410 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

It is shown that significant optical power is generated in secondary pulsations after switch-off of vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser diodes (VCSEL’s) when the laser is modulated from an above-threshold state to a current that is at or below the threshold value. It is found from simulations that the optical power in the secondary pulsations can be as much as 25% of the power in the lasing state. The initial reduction of optical output power subsequent to the switch-off permits a spatial redistribution of charge carriers that in turn permits a transient recovery of the modal gain above the threshold value, thus enabling the secondary pulsations to occur. The phenomenon occurs as a result of the interplay between the transverse-mode structure and the gain medium and, as such, cannot be predicted by spatially independent rate equation models. Implications of the phenomenon for practical applications of VCSEL’s with pseudorandom nonreturn-to-zero modulation formats are pointed out.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Citation
A. Valle, J. Sarma, and K. A. Shorey, "Secondary pulsations driven by spatial hole burning in modulated vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser diodes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1741-1746 (1995)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-12-9-1741


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C. J. Chang-Hasnain, M. Orenstein, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, J. P. Harbison, and N. G. Stoffel, "Transverse mode characteristics of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 218–220 (1990). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Ogura, S. Fujii, T. Okada, M. Mori, T. Asaka, and H. Iwanu, "Transverse mode characteristics of DBR-surface emitting laser with buried heterostructure," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 30, 3879–3882 (1991). [CrossRef]
  3. C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, and N. G. Stoffel, "Dynamic, polarization and transverse mode characteristics of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1402–1409 (1991). [CrossRef]
  4. R. A. Morgan, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, M. T. Asom, K. Kojima, L. E. Rogers, and S. E. Callis, "Transverse mode control of vertical cavity top surface emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 374–377 (1993). [CrossRef]
  5. C. H. Chong and J. Sarma, "Lasing mode selection in vertical cavity surface emitting laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 761–763 (1993). [CrossRef]
  6. C. H. Chong and J. Sarma, "Self-consistent calculations of two-dimensional carrier distribution and modal gain of lasing modes in cylindrical VCSELs," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2146, 397–408 (1994).
  7. K. D. Choquette and R. E. Leibenguth, "Control of vertical cavity polarization with anisotropic transverse cavity geometries," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 40–42 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. A. Wu, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and R. Nabiev, "Single mode emission from a passive anti-guide region vertical cavity surface emitting laser," Electron. Lett. 29, 1861–1863 (1993). [CrossRef]
  9. N. Chinone, K. Aiki, M. Nakamura, and R. Ito, "Effects of lateral mode and carrier density profile on dynamic behaviors of semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 625–631 (1978). [CrossRef]
  10. D. P. Wilt, K. Lau, and A. Yariv, "The effect of lateral carrier diffusion on the modulation response of a semiconductor laser," J. Appl. Phys. 52, 4970–4974 (1981). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Furuya, Y. Suematsu, and T. Hong, "Reduction of resonance-like peak in direct modulation due to carrier diffusion in injection lasers," Appl. Opt. 17, 1949–1952 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. W. Scott, R. S. Geels, S. W. Corzine, and L. A. Coldren, "Modelling temperature effects and spatial hole-burning to optimise vertical cavity surface-emitting laser performance," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1295–1307 (1993); N. K. Dutta, L. W. Tu, G. Hasnain, G. Zydzik, Y. H. Wang, and A. Y. Cho, "Anomalous temporal response of gain-guided surface emitting lasers," Electron. Lett. 27, 208–210 (1991). [CrossRef]
  13. N. K. Dutta, "Analysis of current spreading, carrier diffusion and transverse mode guiding in surface emitting lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 1961–1963 (1990). [CrossRef]
  14. A. Valle, J. Sarma, and K. A. Shore, "Spatial hole burning effects on the dynamics of VCSELs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited