An extension of the recently introduced nonlinear finite-difference time-domain technique [Opt. Lett. <b>21</b>, 1138 (1996)] for the study of electromagnetic wave propagation in a non-linear Kerr medium to include absorption is presented. The optical limiting and switching of short pulses by use of a nonlinear quarter-wave reflector (a one-dimensional photonic bandgap structure) with a defect is studied. Comparison with an optical limiter and with an optical switch with a perfect nonlinear quarter-wave reflector shows that introducing a defect can improve the performance of these devices.
© 1997 Optical Society of America
P. Tran, "Optical limiting and switching of short pulses by use of a nonlinear photonic bandgap structure with a defect," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2589-2595 (1997)