We present an eight-dimensional matrix formulation of vector four-wavemixing. We study the case of a nonoptically active photorefractive for the transmission grating. The coupled equations are represented in a group formalism and irreducible forms are found. We show that when cross-polarization coupling is neglected, the system of equations is governed by two coupled SU(2) groups.We develop a theory that allows for pump depletion and electric-field-induced bulk birefringence. Analytical solutions are found when cubic 4¯3<i>m</i> materials are considered in two standard experimental geometries, i.e., electric fields perpendicular to the (110) crystal faces and electric fields perpendicular to the (001) crystal faces. Results are presented that show the effects of linear and circular polarized beams, and the use of these materials for vector phase conjugation is discussed. Solution routes to other geometries and noncubic photorefractive materials are also presented.
© 1997 Optical Society of America
D. A. Fish and A. K. Powell, "Solutions to vector four-wave mixing in cubic photorefractive materials," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2628-2640 (1997)