We investigate the resonant two-photon (two-step) processes of photorefractive grating formation and identify the regimes in which nonvolatile holography is possible. We develop a charge-transport model to describe this behavior for a photorefractive crystal with a single active impurity species under continuous-wave illumination. For the cases that allow for nondestructive reconstruction of gratings, we evaluate the maximum refractive-index perturbation and the response rate with respect to illumination intensities and impurity characteristics. We evaluate the importance of the impurity intermediate-state occupancy. Holographic data storage system issues are also discussed. The present results are consistent with previously reported photorefractive behavior and predict additional properties that characterize these resonant processes. The analysis may be used further to study other related two-photon phenomena of interest in holographic storage systems.
© 1997 Optical Society of America
Loukas Paraschis, Matthew C. Bashaw, Alice Liu, and Lambertus Hesselink, "Resonant two-photon processes for nonvolatile holography in photorefractive crystals under continuous-wave illumination," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2670-2680 (1997)