OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 14, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1997
  • pp: 1079–1087

Nonlinear optical properties of a new chromophore

Guang S. He, Lixiang Yuan, Ning Cheng, Jayant D. Bhawalkar, Paras N. Prasad, Lawrence L. Brott, Stephen J. Clarson, and Bruce A. Reinhardt  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 14, Issue 5, pp. 1079-1087 (1997)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.14.001079


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (398 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Strong two-photon-absorption (TPA) based nonlinear optical properties of a new chromophore, N, N-diphenyl-7-[2-(4-pyridinyl) ethenyl]-9, 9-di-n-decyl-fluoren-2-amine (AF-50) has been experimentally studied. Under excitation with 10-Hz, ∼8-ns, and ∼800-nm laser pulses, the TPA cross section and the TPA-induced frequency-upconverted emission spectra are measured for AF-50 solutions in various solvents. The most attractive feature of this chromophore is its remarkably high value of the molecular TPA cross section (∼78×10<sup>−20</sup> cm<sup>2</sup>/GW in benzene solution). Based on this feature, superior optical power limiting and stabilization performance has been demonstrated in a 1-cm-long AF-50 solution sample with concentration of d<sub>0</sub>=0.045 M/L. The nonlinear transmission of the measured sample decreased from ∼0.93 to ∼0.3 when the input-beam intensity increased from ∼10 MW/cm<sup>2</sup> to ∼360 MW/cm<sup>2</sup>; the relative intensity fluctuation of the output laser pulses was reduced to one third of that of the input laser beam.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Citation
Guang S. He, Lixiang Yuan, Ning Cheng, Jayant D. Bhawalkar, Paras N. Prasad, Lawrence L. Brott, Stephen J. Clarson, and Bruce A. Reinhardt, "Nonlinear optical properties of a new chromophore," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1079-1087 (1997)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-14-5-1079


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. W. Rapp and B. Gronau, “Laser emission from two xanthene dyes via double-photon excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 8, 529–531 (1971).
  2. A. S. Kwok, A. Serpenguzel, W. F. Hsien, R. K. Chang, and J. B. Gillespie, “Two-photon-pumped lasing in microdroplets,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1435–1437 (1992).
  3. A. Mukherjee, “Two-photon pumped upconverted lasing in dye-doped polymer waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 3423–3425 (1993).
  4. C. W. Tang, S. A. Van Slyke, and C. H. Chen, “Electroluminescence of doped organic thin film,” J. Appl. Phys. 65, 3610–3616 (1989).
  5. J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burns, and A. B. Holmes, “Light-emitting diode based on conjugated polymers,” Nature (London) 347, 539–541 (1990).
  6. D. Braun, G. Gustafsson, D. McBranch, and A. J. Heeger, “Electroluminescence and electrical transport in poly(3-octylthiophene) diode,” J. Appl. Phys. 72, 564–568 (1992).
  7. L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, “A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerence, semiconductors, and other materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299–338 (1993).
  8. T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, M. G. Schmitt, B. L. Epling, and R. L. Crane, “Optical limiting in solution of diphenyl polyenes,” Appl. Opt. 30, 4341–4349 (1991).
  9. E. W. Van Stryland, Y. Y. Wu, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Soileau, and K. Mansour, “Optical limiting with semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1980–1988 (1988).
  10. W. Denk, J. H. Strickler, and W. W. Webb, “Two-photon laser scanning fluorescence microscopy,” Science 248, 73–76 (1990).
  11. W. Denk, K. R. Delaney, A. Gelperin, D. Kleinfeld, B. W. Strowlridge, D. W. Tank, and R. W. Yuste, “Anatomical and functional imaging of neurons using 2-photon laser scanning microscopy,” J. Neuroscience Methods 54, 151–162 (1994).
  12. S. W. Hell, P. E. Hanninen, A. Kuusisto, M. Schrader, and E. Soini, “Annular aperture two-photon excitation microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 117, 20–24 (1995).
  13. W. E. Moerner and S. M. Silence, “Polymetric photorefractive materials,” Chem. Rev. 94, 127–155 (1994).
  14. S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Observation of the photorefractive effect in a polymer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846–1849 (1991).
  15. Y. P. Cui, Y. Zhang, and P. N. Prasad, “Photorefractive effect in a new organic system of doped nonlinear polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2132–2134 (1992).
  16. K. Meerhoz, B. L. Volodin, Sandalphon, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, “A photorefractive polymer with high optical gain and diffraction efficiency near 100%,” Nature (London) 371, 497–500 (1994).
  17. G. S. He, G. C. Xu, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, J. C. Bhatt, R. McKellar, and A. G. Dillard, “Two-photon absorption and optical-limiting properties of novel organic compounds,” Opt. Lett. 20, 435–437 (1995).
  18. G. S. He, R. Gvishi, P. N. Prasad, and B. A. Reinhardt, “Two-photon absorption based optical limiting and stabilization in organic molecule-doped solid materials,” Opt. Commun. 117, 133–136 (1995).
  19. G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, “Optical limiting effect in a two-photon absorption dye doped solid matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433–2435 (1995).
  20. G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C. K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, “Two-photon-pumped cavity lasing in a dye-solution-filled hollow-fiber system,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2393–2395 (1995).
  21. G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, “Properties of two-photon pumped cavity lasing in a novel dye doped solid materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 749–755 (1996).
  22. J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, C. K. Park, C. F. Zhao, G. Ruland, and P. N. Prasad, “Efficient, two-photon pumped green upconverted cavity lasing in a new dye,” Opt. Commun. 124, 33–37 (1996).
  23. G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C. K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, “Upconversion dye-doped polymer fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3549–3551 (1996).
  24. J. D. Bhawalkar, J. Swiatkiewicz, G. S. He, P. N. Prasad, S. J. Pan, J. K. Samarabandu, W. S. Liou, and P. C. Cheng, “3-D multiphoton laser scanning confocal microscopy as a probe for subsurface defects in polymer,” in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series, Vol. 9 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 19–20.
  25. P. C. Cheng, S. J. Pan, J. D. Bhawalkar, J. Swiatkiewicz, J. K. Samarabandu, W. S. Liou, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, “Two-photon generated three-dimensional photo-bleached patterns in a polymer matrix,” Scanning 18, 3–4 (1996).
  26. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, Y. Y. Wu, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Simple and sensitive technique for determining refractive nonlinearities,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series, Vol. 11 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper THH4.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited