An analysis of the output polarization of a noncollinear type I optical parametric downconversion source is presented. Such a source can be made by pumping a nonlinear crystal with an extraordinary-polarized beam to produce pairs of ordinary-polarized photons. A polarization map of the output light illustrates dramatic variation in the polarization direction at large scattering angles. The effect of this variation in polarization direction is seen on a map of the nonlinear conversion efficiency. The apparent ambiguity in the polarization for the particular case in which one of the outputs propagates along the crystal optic axis is also discussed.
© 1997 Optical Society of America
A. Migdall, "Polarization directions of noncollinear phase-matched optical parametric downconversion output," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1093-1098 (1997)