OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 14, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1997
  • pp: 1099–1108

Organic crystal isopropyl-4-acetylphenylurea and waveguide second-harmonic generation

H. Yamamoto, S. Funato, T. Sugiyama, J. Jung, T. Kinoshita, and K. Sasaki  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 14, Issue 5, pp. 1099-1108 (1997)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (491 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A new organic crystal isopropyl-4-acetylphenylurea (IAPU) was identified as a promising candidate for blue second-harmonic generation (SHG). The nonlinear optical d coefficient obtained is d22=30.5 pm/V at the fundamental wavelength 1064 nm, and the crystal's transmitting range is 380–1400 nm. Thin, single crystalline films fabricated on the glass substrate are useful for waveguide-device applications. For the improvement of SHG efficiency and the relaxation of phase-matching conditions, the concept of thickness-noncritical phase matching (TNCPM) in a four-layer waveguide is proposed. Modal dispersion calculations for the various four-layer structures suggested the possibility of TNCPM from the TE0ω mode to TE1 mode and from the TE0ω mode to the TE2 mode by adjustment of the refractive indices of the two guiding layers.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

H. Yamamoto, S. Funato, T. Sugiyama, J. Jung, T. Kinoshita, and K. Sasaki, "Organic crystal isopropyl-4-acetylphenylurea and waveguide second-harmonic generation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1099-1108 (1997)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. D. J. Williams, ed., Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic and Polymeric Materials, ACS Sym. Ser. 233 (American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1983).
  2. D. S. Chemla and J. Zyss, eds., Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals, Vols. 1 and 2 (Academic, Orlando, Fla, 1987).
  3. S. Miyata, eds., Proceedings of the Fifth Toyota Conference on Nonlinear Optical Materials (Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, 1992).
  4. Y. Kitaoka, S. Ohmori, K. Yamamoto, M. Kato, and T. Sasaki, “Stable and efficient green light generation by intracavity frequency doubling of Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 299–301 (1993).
  5. W. J. Kzlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, “Generation of 41 mW of blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
  6. K. Yamamoto, K. Mizuuchi, and T. Taniuchi, “Milliwatt-order blue-light generation in a periodically domain-inverted LiTaO3 waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1156–1158 (1992).
  7. D. Eger, M. Oron, and M. Katz, “Optical characterization of KTiOPO4 periodically segmented waveguides for second-harmonic generation of blue light,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 4298–4302 (1993).
  8. G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, and R. Zanoni, “Organic films in non-linear integrated optics structures,” Thin Solid Films 152, 231–263 (1987).
  9. H. Itoh, K. Hotta, H. Takara, and K. Sasaki, “Frequency doubling of a Nd:YAG laser by a MNA single crystal thin film on a slab-type optical glass waveguide,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1491–1494 (1986).
  10. P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, and R. J. Martin, “Optical second-harmonic generation in form of coherent Čerenkov radiation from a thin-film waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 447–450 (1970).
  11. T. Uemiya, N. Uenishi, S. Okamoto, K. Chikuma, K. Kumata, T. Kondo, R. Ito, and S. Umegaki, “Frequency doubling of a Nd:YAG laser using a crystal-cored fiber of an organic 4-(N, N-dimethylamino)-3-acetamidonitrobenzene,” Appl. Opt. 31, 7581–7586 (1992).
  12. K. Clays, N. J. Armstrong, and T. L. Penner, “Blue and green Čerenkov-type second-harmonic generation in a polymeric Langmuir–Blodgett waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 886–893 (1993).
  13. M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 435–436 (1993).
  14. K. Yamamoto, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and M. Kato, “High power blue light generation by frequency doubling of a laser diode in a periodically domain-inverted LiTaO3 waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2599–2601 (1993).
  15. G. Khanarian, R. A. Norwood, D. Haas, B. Feuer, and D. Karim, “Phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a polymer waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 977–979 (1990).
  16. T. W. Panunto, Z. Urbanczyk-Lipkowska, R. Johnson, and M. C. Etter, “Hydrogen-bond formation in nitroanilines: the first step in designing acentric materials,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109, 7786–7797 (1987).
  17. S. K. Kurtz and T. T. Perry, “A powder technique for the evaluation of nonlinear optical materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3798–3813 (1968).
  18. M. Barzoukas, D. Josse, P. Fremaux, J. Zyss, J. F. Nicoud, and J. O. Morley, “Quadratic nonlinear properties of N-(4-nitrophenyl)-L-prolinol and of a newly engineered molecular compound N-(4-nitrophenyl)-N-methylaminoacetonitrile: a comparative study,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 977–986 (1987).
  19. J. Zyss and J. L. Oudar, “Relations between microscopic and macroscopic lowest-order optical nonlinearities of molecular crystals with one- or two-dimensional units,” Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028–2048 (1982).
  20. R. Ulrich and R. Torge, “Measurement of thin film parameters with a prism coupler,” Appl. Opt. 12, 2901–2908 (1973).
  21. H. Yamamoto, S. Funato, T. Sugiyama, R. E. Johnson, R. A. Norwood, J. Jung, T. Kinoshita, and K. Sasaki, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of a new organic crystal N-(4-aminobenzenesulfonyl) acetamide (ABSA),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 837–847 (1996).
  22. J. Jerphagnon and S. K. Kurtz, “Maker fringes: a detailed comparison of theory and experiment for isotropic and uniaxial crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1667–1681 (1970).
  23. D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057–2074 (1992).
  24. O. Sugihara and K. Sasaki, “Phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline single-crystal waveguide: combined structure of grating couplers and four-layer waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 104–107 (1992).
  25. M. Flörsheimer, M. Küpfer, C. Bosshard, H. Looser, and P. Günter, “Phase-matched optical second-harmonic generation in Langmuir-Blodgett film waveguides by mode conversions,” Adv. Mater. 4, 795–798 (1992).
  26. T. L. Penner, H. R. Motschmann, N. J. Armstrong, M. C. Ezenyilimba, and D. J. Williams, “Efficient phase-matched second-harmonic generation of blue light in an organic waveguide,” Nature 367, 49–51 (1994).
  27. K. Clays, J. S. Schildkraut, and D. J. Williams, “Phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a four-layered polymeric waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 655–664 (1994).
  28. G. L. J. A. Rikken, C. J. E. Seppen, E. G. J. Staring, and A. H. J. Venhuizen, “Efficient modal dispersion phase-matched frequency doubling in poled polymer waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2483–2485 (1993).
  29. T. Watanabe, D. Zou, S. Shimoda, X. Tao, H. Usui, S. Miyata, C. Claude, and Y. Okamoto, “A novel phase matching technique for a poled polymer waveguide,” Mol. Cyst. Liq. Cryst. 255, 95–102 (1994).
  30. H. Ito and H. Inaba, “Efficient phase-matched second-harmonic generation method in four-layered optical-waveguide structure,” Opt. Lett. 2, 139–141 (1978).
  31. N. N. Akhmediev and V. R. Novak, “Enhancement of nonlinear-optical mode conversion efficiency in the thin film waveguide,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 58, 558–559 (1985).
  32. W. K. Burns and R. A. Andrews, “ “Noncritical” phase matching in optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 143–145 (1973).
  33. W. K. Burns and A. B. Lee, “Observation of noncritically phase-matched second-harmonic generation in an optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 222–224 (1974).
  34. R. A. Norwood and G. Khanarian, “Quasi-phase-matched frequency doubling over 5 mm in periodically poled polymer waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 26, 2105–2107 (1990).
  35. E. J. Lim, S. Matsumoto, and M. M. Fejer, “Noncritical phase matching for guided-wave frequency conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2294–2296 (1990).
  36. Y. Suematsu, Y. Sasaki, and K. Shibata, “Second-harmonic generation due to a guided wave structure consisting of quartz coated with a glass film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 137–138 (1973).
  37. Y. Suematsu, Y. Sasaki, K. Furuya, K. Shibata, and S. Ibukuro, “Optical second-harmonic generation due to guided-wave structure consisting of quartz and glass film,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 222–229 (1974).
  38. M. Kobayashi and H. Terui, “Refractive index and attenuation characteristics of SiO2–Ta2O5 optical waveguide film,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3121–3127 (1983).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited