OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 14, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1997
  • pp: 1109–1117

Analysis of dispersive and absorptive bistability in a four-level system typical of organic media

Ying Ji, Fucheng Lin, Hua Xia, and Michelle Lynn Stone  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 14, Issue 5, pp. 1109-1117 (1997)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.14.001109


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (421 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We investigate a general theory of optical bistability for a four-level system with single and triple states. Both absorptive and dispersive mechanisms are included. By solving the stable-state equation of a density matrix and using the mean-field approximation, we derive the state equation of bistability. The bistabilities with dispersion and absorption of single and triplet states, including pure dispersion and pure absorption, are numerically studied. The effects of cooperative parameters, resonant transition detuning, and cavity detuning parameters on bistable behavior are analyzed. We find that the absorption of triplet states is beneficial to dispersive bistability but is detrimental to absorptive bistability. The detuning of the resonant transition between single states is detrimental to bistability, whereas that between triplet states is beneficial to bistability. The structure of four levels with single and triplet states is a typicality of organic media. Our analysis is helpful for research into bistability devices of organic media.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Citation
Ying Ji, Fucheng Lin, Hua Xia, and Michelle Lynn Stone, "Analysis of dispersive and absorptive bistability in a four-level system typical of organic media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1109-1117 (1997)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-14-5-1109


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. For example, G. S. He, G. C. Xu, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, J. C. Bhatt, and A. G. Dillard, “Two-photo absorption and optical-limiting properties of novel organic compounds,” Opt. Lett. 20, 435–437 (1995); G. L. Wood, M. J. Miller, and A. G. Mott, “Investigation of tetrabenzporphyrin by the z-scan technique,” Opt. Lett. 20, 973–975 (1995); D. V. Petrov, A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, J. M. de Souza, W. M. de Azevedo, J. V. de Melo, and F. B. Diniz, “Non-linear optical properties of a poly(vinyl alcohol)-polyaniline interpenetrating polymer network,” Opt. Lett. OPLEDP 20, 554–556 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesan, A. C. Gossard, A. Passner, and W. Wiegmann, “Optical bistability in semiconductors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 451–453 (1979). [CrossRef]
  3. H. M. Gibbs, S. S. Tarng, J. L. Jewll, D. A. Weinberger, K. C. Tai, A. C. Gossard, S. L. McCall, A. Passner, and W. Wiegmann, “Room-temperature excitonic optical bistability in a GaAs–GaAlAs superlattice etalon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 221–222 (1982). [CrossRef]
  4. S. S. Tarng, H. M. Gibbs, J. L. Jewell, N. Peyghambarian, A. C. Gossard, T. Venkatesan, and W. Wiegmann, “Use of a diode laser to observe room-temperature, low-power optical bistability in a GaAs–AlGaAs etalon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 360–361 (1984). [CrossRef]
  5. D. A. B. Miller, S. D. Smith, and A. Johnston, “Optical bistability and signal amplification in a semiconductor crystal: application of new low-power nonlinear effects in InSb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 658–660 (1979). [CrossRef]
  6. A. K. Kar, J. G. H. Mathew, S. D. Smith, B. Davis, and W. Prettl, “Optical bistability in InSb at room temperature with two-photon excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 334–336 (1983). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Dagenais and H. G. Winful, “Low power transverse optical bistability near bound excitons in cadmium sulfide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 574–576 (1984). [CrossRef]
  8. G. P. Bava, F. Castelli, P. Debernardi, and L. A. Lugiato, “Optical bistability in a multiple-quantum-well structure with Fabry–Perot and distributed-feedback resonantors,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5180–5186 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Gong, S. Pan, and G. Yang, “Optical bistability in a dye-ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 6655–6658 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Gong, S. Pan, and G. Yang, “Stability analysis for an optical bistable dye system,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 2205–2210 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. L. Jewell, M. C. Rushford, and H. M. Gibbs, “Use of a single nonlinear Fabry–Perot etalon as optical logic gates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 172–174 (1984). [CrossRef]
  12. A. D. Lloyd and B. S. Wherrett, “All-optics bistability in nematic liquid crystals at 20-μW power levels,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 460–461 (1988). [CrossRef]
  13. B. P. Singh and P. N. Prasad, “Optical bistable behavior of a planar quasi-waveguide interferometer mode with a con-jugated organic polymer film,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 453–456 (1988). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Sasaki, K. Fujii, and T. Tomioka, “All-optical bistabilities of polydiacetylene Langmuir–Blodgett film waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 457–461 (1988). [CrossRef]
  15. F. Lin, J. Zhao, T. Luo, M. Jiang, Z. Wu, Y. Xie, Q. Qian, and H. Zeng, “Optical limitation and bistability in fullerenes,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2140–2142 (1993). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Szoke, V. Daneu, J. Goldhar, and N. A. Kumit, “Bistable optical element and its applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 376–379 (1969). [CrossRef]
  17. S. L. McCall, “Instability in continuous-wave light propagation in absorbing media,” Phys. Rev. A 9, 1515–1523 (1974). [CrossRef]
  18. F. S. Felber and J. H. Marburger, “Theory of nonresonant multistable optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 731–733 (1976). [CrossRef]
  19. R. Bonifacio and L. A. Lugiato, “Cooperative effects and bistability for resonance fluorescence,” Opt. Commun. 19, 172–176 (1976). [CrossRef]
  20. J. H. Marburger and F. S. Felber, “Theory of a lossless nonlinear Fabry–Perot interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 335–342 (1978). [CrossRef]
  21. G. P. Agrawal and H. J. Carmichael, “Optical bistability through nonlinear dispersion and absorption,” Phys. Rev. A 19, 2074–2086 (1979). [CrossRef]
  22. Y. Ji and F. Lin, “Effect of triplet-state absorption on optical bistability in a four-level system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1595–1601 (1995). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited