We analyze the optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam and compare it with that generated by the evanescent wave in a micrometer-sized hollow optical fiber. We calculate dependence of the optical potential on various parameters: radial position r, laser–atom detuning Δ, beam power P<sub>0</sub>, and propagation distance Z. We experimentally generated a dark hollow laser beam from a hollow optical fiber with a 7-μm hole diameter and obtained a coupling efficiency of ~50% for the LP<sub>01</sub> mode. Our study shows that a dark hollow laser beam can produce an optical potential deep enough to guide cold atoms from a magneto-optical trap.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
Jianping Yin, Yifu Zhu, Wenbao Wang, Yuzhu Wang, and Wonho Jhe, "Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 25-33 (1998)