OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 15, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1998
  • pp: 53–63

Angular distribution of photoelectrons emitted at pulse laser irradiation

A. V. Lugovskoy, T. Usmanov, and A. V. Zinoviev  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 15, Issue 1, pp. 53-63 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (380 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The analysis of electron-distribution formation in a metal irradiated with a laser pulse is given on the basis of the explicit solution of the quantum kinetic equation. The angular distributions of electrons emitted under laser irradiation of a metal surface are associated with the non-Fermi electron distribution generated by the laser action. The anisotropy of photon absorption in an electron–phonon collision causes a two-leafed distribution structure, which qualitatively distinguishes this mechanism of laser-stimulated electron emission.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3460) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers
(270.5290) Quantum optics : Photon statistics

A. V. Lugovskoy, T. Usmanov, and A. V. Zinoviev, "Angular distribution of photoelectrons emitted at pulse laser irradiation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 53-63 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C.-K. Sun, F. Vallée, L. H. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Femtosecond tunable measurement of electron thermalization in gold,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 15337 (1994). [CrossRef]
  2. H. E. Elsayed-Ali and T. Juhasz, “Femtosecond time-resolved thermomodulation of gold films with different crystal structures,” Phys. Rev. B 47, 13599 (1993). [CrossRef]
  3. W. S. Fann, R. Storz, H. W. K. Tom, and J. Bokor, “Direct measurement of nonequilibrium electron-energy distributions in subpicosecond laser heated gold films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2834 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Charalambidis, E. Hontropoulos, C. Fotakis, Gy. Farkas, and Cs. Toth, “High current, small divergence electron beams produced by laser-induced surface photoelectric effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 65, 2843 (1989). [CrossRef]
  5. A. M. Brodskii and Ju. Ia. Gurevich, The Theory of Electron Emission from Metals (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).
  6. J. M. Ziman, The Physics of Metals. I. Electrons (Cambridge University, Cambridge, 1969).
  7. G. Mahan, “Angular dependence of photoemission in metals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 1068 (1970). [CrossRef]
  8. A. V. Lugovskoy, T. Usmanov, and A. V. Zinoviev, “Laser-induced non-equilibrium phenomena on a metal surface,” J. Phys. D 27, 628 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. A. T. Georges, “Theory of multiphoton photoelectric effect: a stepwise excitation process,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 13735 (1995). [CrossRef]
  10. E. M. Lifshitz and P. L. Pitaevskii, Physical Kinetics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1981).
  11. G. D. Mahan, “Theory of photoemission in simple metals,” Phys. Rev. B 2, 4334 (1970). [CrossRef]
  12. A. V. Zinoviev and V. B. Lugovskoy, “Nonequilibrium excitation of metal electrons by high-intensity monochromatic radiation,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 50, 1635 (1980); Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 25, 953 (1980).
  13. J. H. Bechtel, W. L. Smith, and N. Blombergen, “Two-photon photoemission from metals induced by picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 15, 4557 (1977). [CrossRef]
  14. A. V. Zinoviev, I. A. Kulagin, A. V. Lugovskoy, and T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical properties of metals in the strong electromagnetic field,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 107, 894 (1995); Sov. Phys. JETP 80, 508 (1995).
  15. Ju. P. Raiser, Gas Discharge Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
  16. V. F. Gantmaher and I. B. Levinson, Carrier Scattering in Metals and Semiconductors (North-Holland, New York, 1987).
  17. Ph. Dogusan, S. Guizard, K. Krastev, P. Martim, G. Petite, A. Dos. Santos, and A. Antonetti, “Direct observation of multiple photon absorption in a wide band insulator under strong laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2352 (1994). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Ducauze and P. C. Langer, “Repartition des particules emises pur focalisation d’un faisceau laser sur une cible solide,” R. Acad. Sc. Paris AB262, 1398 (1966).
  19. U. A. Arifov, V. V. Kazanskii, V. B. Lugovskoi, and V. A. Makarenko, “Observation of anisotropic electron emission at laser irradiation of metals,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 9, 18 (1969) (in Russian).
  20. G. Petite, P. Agostini, R. Trainham, E. Mevel, and P. Martin, “Origin of the high-energy electron emission from metals under laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 12210 (1992). [CrossRef]
  21. M. V. Fedorov Electrons in a Strong Light Field (Nauka, Moscow, 1991).
  22. H. Sambe, “Steady states and quasienergies of a quantum-mechanical system in an oscillatory field,” Phys. Rev. A 7, 2203 (1973). [CrossRef]
  23. R. H. Pantell and H. E. Puthoff, Fundamentals of Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1969).
  24. E. M. Epstain, “Electron scattering by phonons in a high-power radiation field,” Fiz. Tverd. Tela 11, 2732 (1969).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited