OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 15, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 1998
  • pp: 684–693

Orientation-dependent fluorescence studies and spectroscopic analysis of doped barium yttrium fluoride upconversion laser crystals (BaY2−xyYbxTmyF8)

Jonathan J. Owen, Anthony K. Cheetham, and Ross A. McFarlane  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 15, Issue 2, pp. 684-693 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.15.000684


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (315 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Crystals of BaY1.75Yb0.24Tm0.01F8,BaY1.50Yb0.49Tm0.01F8, and BaY1.00Yb0.99Tm0.01F8 grown by the gradient-freeze method under a hydrogen fluoride atmosphere operate as lasers at 348, 456, 482, 512, and 649 nm when upconversion pumped at 960 nm. The 649-nm red lasers show a clear orientation dependence; lasing is observed only when propagation is perpendicular to the crystallographic [010] direction. The orientation dependence of the red fluorescence confirms that the laser transition is exclusively polarized parallel to [010]. Ellipsoidal representations of intensities are determined from fluorescence data for several red and blue transitions. A crystal with composition BaY1.75Yb0.20Tm0.05F8 is considered as representative of the upconversion laser media. Stark levels for the 3H6,3F4,3H5,3H4,3F3,3F2,1G4,1D2, and 1I6 states are determined from absorption and fluorescence over a range of temperatures from 10 to 298 K. A Judd–Ofelt analysis that averages data for three orthogonal polarizations is also performed.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.5680) Lasers and laser optics : Rare earth and transition metal solid-state lasers
(140.7300) Lasers and laser optics : Visible lasers
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(300.6280) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence

Citation
Jonathan J. Owen, Anthony K. Cheetham, and Ross A. McFarlane, "Orientation-dependent fluorescence studies and spectroscopic analysis of doped barium yttrium fluoride upconversion laser crystals (BaY2–x–yYbxTmyF8)," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 684-693 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-15-2-684


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 44 (1971). [CrossRef]
  2. R. J. Thrash and L. F. Johnson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 881 (1994). [CrossRef]
  3. R. J. Thrash and L. F. Johnson, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Y. Fan and B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1994), pp. 400–401.
  4. B. M. Antipenko, S. P. Voronin, and T. V. Privalova, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 32, 208 (1987).
  5. B. M. Antipenko, S. P. Voronin, and T. V. Privalova, Opt. Spectrosc. 68, 164 (1990).
  6. J. J. Owen, A. K. Cheetham, N. A. Nighman, R. H. Jarman, and R. J. Thrash, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 919 (1994). [CrossRef]
  7. R. A. McFarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 871 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, C. J. Taylor, and H. P. Jenssen, Advanced Solid State Lasers, L. L. Chase and A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 270–274.
  9. B. M. Antipenko, S. I. Boldyrev, S. P. Voronin, Y. E. Perlin, and T. A. Privalova, OSAM 60, 765 (1986).
  10. B. M. Antipenko, Opt. Spectrosc. 56, 72 (1984).
  11. D. E. Gray, ed., American Institute of Physics Handbook, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1963), Chap. 7, pp. 46–121.
  12. B. Edlen, Metrologia 2, 71 (1966). [CrossRef]
  13. L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, and R. Retoux, Mater. Res. Bull. 28, 923 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. H. P. Jenssen, Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida 32816-2700 (personal communication, 1995).
  15. W. L. Bond, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674 (1965). [CrossRef]
  16. A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1990), Chap. 4, pp. 114–165.
  17. D. C. Nguyen, G. E. Faulkner, and M. Dulick, Appl. Opt. 28, 3553 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. D. C. Nguyen, G. E. Faulkner, M. E. Weber, and M. Dulick, Proc. SPIE 1223, 54–63 (1990). [CrossRef]
  19. T. Hebert, R. Wannemacher, R. M. Macfarlane, and W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2592 (1992). [CrossRef]
  20. H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, R. P. Leavitt, C. A. Morrison, and D. E. Wortman, Phys. Rev. B 11, 92 (1975). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Dulick, G. E. Faulkner, N. J. Cockcroft, and D. C. Nguyen, J. Lumin. 48–49, 517 (1991). [CrossRef]
  22. R. Beach, M. D. Shinn, L. Davis, R. W. Solarz, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1405 (1990). [CrossRef]
  23. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424 (1968). [CrossRef]
  24. T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517 (1978). [CrossRef]
  25. T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, Phys. Rev. B 20, 4343 (1979). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited