OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 15, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 1998
  • pp: 2376–2382

Measurement of the spectral reflectivity of a self-pumped phase conjugator

Dmitry Noraev, Patrick Lambelet, and Jack Feinberg  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 15, Issue 9, pp. 2376-2382 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2794 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We measure the spectral reflectivity of a Cat (so named because its first conjugated image was that of a cat) self-pumped conjugator. We find that the transmission and the phase-conjugate reflectivity of the conjugator always vary periodically with wavelength and that the periodicity is caused by a resonator loop that springs up and self-adjusts inside the crystal. Depending on the spectral width of the incident beam, the conjugator will have either a minimum or a maximum reflectivity at the center of the writing spectrum. We show that the sign of the coherence function after one round trip of the internal resonator determines the spectral behavior of the conjugator, and we experimentally map out the dependence of the conjugator’s reflectivity and transmission on the spectral content of the incident beam.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(070.5040) Fourier optics and signal processing : Phase conjugation
(140.4780) Lasers and laser optics : Optical resonators
(160.5320) Materials : Photorefractive materials

Dmitry Noraev, Patrick Lambelet, and Jack Feinberg, "Measurement of the spectral reflectivity of a self-pumped phase conjugator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2376-2382 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. Feinberg, “Self-pumped, continuous-wave phase conjugator using internal reflection,” Opt. Lett. 7, 486–488 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. R. MacDonald and J. Feinberg, “Theory of self-pumped phase conjugator with two coupled interaction regions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 548–553 (1983). [CrossRef]
  3. G. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark III, G. L. Wood, and E. J. Sharp, “Strontium barium niobate as a self-pumped phase conjugator,” Opt. Commun. 59, 417–422 (1986). [CrossRef]
  4. G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, “Impurity enhanced self-pumped phase conjugation in the near infrared in ‘blue’ BaTiO3,” Opt. Commun. 101, 60–64 (1993). [CrossRef]
  5. R. K. Jain and K. Stenersen, “Picosecond pulse operation of a dye laser containing a phase-conjugate mirror,” Opt. Lett. 9, 546–548 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. C. Gower and P. Hribek, “Mechanisms for internally self-pumped phase-conjugate emission from BaTiO3 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1750–1757 (1988). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Aoyama, S. Mizuta, S. Kurimura, Y. Uesu, and I. Seo, “Emission characteristics of internally self-pumped phase-conjugate wave in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe and BaTiO3 crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 32, 4307–4310 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. D. Mahgerefteh and J. Feinberg, “Erasure rate and coasting in photorefractive barium titanate at high optical power,” Opt. Lett. 13, 1111–1113 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. W. James and R. W. Eason, “Extraordinary-polarized light does not always yield the highest reflectivity in self-pumped BaTiO3,” Opt. Lett. 16, 633–635 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Honda and H. Matsumoto, “Improvement of response speed of a BaTiO3 self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror by crystal heating and beam focusing,” Opt. Commun. 91, 390–394 (1992). [CrossRef]
  11. F. C. Jahoda, P. G. Weber, and J. Feinberg, “Optical feedback, wavelength response, and interference effects of self-pumped phase conjugation in BaTiO3,” Opt. Lett. 9, 362–364 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Suzuki and T. Sato, “Improvement of response time with an additional bias beam in a BaTiO3 self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror,” Appl. Opt. 32, 3959–3961 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Honda and H. Matsumoto, “Time response of a BaTiO3 self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror for two mutually coherent inputs,” Opt. Commun. 81, 242–246 (1991). [CrossRef]
  14. G. J. Dunning, D. M. Pepper, and M. B. Klein, “Control of self-pumped phase-conjugate reflectivity using incoherent erasure,” Opt. Lett. 15, 99–101 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. S. Brody, “Grating structure in self-pumping barium titanate by local erasure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 262–264 (1988). [CrossRef]
  16. D. M. Pepper, “Observation of diminished specular reflectivity from phase-conjugate mirrors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2945–2948 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. J. Gauthier, P. Narum, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of deterministic chaos in a phase-conjugate mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1640–1643 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Rodriguez, A. Siahmakoun, and G. Salamo, “Bistability and optical switching in a total internal reflection phase conjugator,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2263–2265 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. P. Gunter, E. Voit, M. Z. Zha, and J. Albers, “Self-pulsation and optical chaos in self-pumped photorefractive BaTiO3,” Opt. Commun. 55, 210–214 (1985). [CrossRef]
  20. R. W. Eason and A. M. C. Smout, “Bistability and noncommutative behavior of multiple-beam self-pulsing and self-pumping in BaTiO3,” Opt. Lett. 12, 51–53 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. Z. Y. Ou, S. Bali, and L. Mandel, “Response of a phase-conjugate mirror to an incident photon,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 2509–2513 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. O. White, “Response of a BaTiO3 phase conjugate mirror to broadband and narrowband radiation,” Appl. Phys. A: Solids Surf. 55, 82–90 (1992). [CrossRef]
  23. A. A. Zozulya, M. Saffman, and D. Z. Anderson, “Propagation of light beams in photorefractive media: fanning, self-bending, and formation of self-pumped four-wave-mixing phase conjugation geometries,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 818–821 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. K. R. MacDonald and J. Feinberg, “Enhanced four-wave mixing by use of frequency-shifted optical waves in photorefractive BaTiO3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 821–823 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J. Feinberg and G. D. Bacher, “Self-scanning of a continuous-wave dye laser having a phase-conjugating resonator cavity,” Opt. Lett. 9, 420–422 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. W. B. Whitten and J. M. Ramsey, “Self-scanning of a dye laser due to a feedback from a BaTiO3 phase-conjugate reflector,” Opt. Lett. 9, 44–46 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. C. Gower, “Photoinduced voltages and frequency shifts in a self-pumped phase-conjugating BaTiO3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 11, 458–460 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. M. Cronin-Colomb and A. Yariv, “Self-induced frequency scanning and distributed Bragg reflection in semiconductor lasers with phase-conjugate feedback,” Opt. Lett. 11, 455–457 (1986). [CrossRef]
  29. J. M. Ramsey and W. B. Whitten, “Phase-conjugate feedback into a continuous-wave ring dye laser,” Opt. Lett. 10, 362–364 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. P. Lambelet, R. P. Salathe, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, “Characterization of a photorefractive phase conjugator by optical low-coherence reflectometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1079–1081 (1994). [CrossRef]
  31. M. D. Ewbank and P. Yeh, “Frequency shift and cavity length in photorefractive resonators,” Opt. Lett. 10, 496–498 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969). [CrossRef]
  33. J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, Jr., and R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980); erratum 52, 537 (1981). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited