We present a traveling-wave large-signal simulation of the spatiotemporal dynamics of two-section distributed feedback lasers, emphasizing the self-pulsation phenomenon. For index-coupled lasers, self-pulsation is a result of the interaction of two modes, each spatially confined primarily to one section. For partially gain-coupled lasers, self-pulsation is a result of the interaction of two modes, one that is spatially confined primarily to one section and another that belongs to both sections. The self-pulsation frequency-tuning range and the modulation index of partially gain-coupled lasers are found to be substantially larger than those of index-coupled lasers. Experimentally, self-pulsation with a frequency-tuning range from 20 to 60 GHz in two-section partially gain-coupled distributed-feedback lasers has been characterized in the electrical domain. The noise of self-pulsation was reduced experimentally by optical feedback.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
Xinhong Wang, Guifang Li, Jin Hong, and Stephen A. Pappert, "Spatiotemporal dynamics and high-frequency self-pulsations in two-section distributed feedback lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2030-2039 (1999)