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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 16, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 1999
  • pp: 2045–2054

High-frequency beam steering in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: optical gain and waveguiding effects

A. Valle, P. Rees, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 16, Issue 11, pp. 2045-2054 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.16.002045


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Abstract

Static and dynamic characteristics of weakly index-guided vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in a multi-transverse-mode regime are analyzed by use of a model that takes into account the transverse modes supported by the waveguide and a consistent spectral gain including many-body effects. Waveguide effects are addressed by consideration of different refractive-index steps. We show that stronger competition between transverse modes occurs when their confinement in the waveguide is increased. Selection of a particular high-order transverse mode by use of azimuthal-dependent current profiling can be obtained over a wide current range. We study the alternate current modulation of two orthogonal high-order transverse modes, taking into account thermal effects. This current-induced spatial switching leads to good-quality high-frequency beam steering in the laser azimuthal direction when an appropriate current profile is considered according to the refractive-index step.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4080) Fiber optics and optical communications : Modulation
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(140.3300) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam shaping
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

Citation
A. Valle, P. Rees, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "High-frequency beam steering in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: optical gain and waveguiding effects," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2045-2054 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-16-11-2045

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