Theoretical evaluation of LiGaO_{2} for frequency upconversion to ultraviolet
JOSA B, Vol. 16, Issue 12, pp. 2217-2222 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.16.002217
Acrobat PDF (135 KB)
Abstract
First-principles calculations of the frequency-dependent birefringence, second-harmonic generation, and linear electro-optic response are reported for LiGaO<sub>2</sub> (which is transparent to as small as 222 nm). Good agreement is obtained with available experimental data in the visible region of the spectrum. The calculated frequency-dependent nonlinear optical responses are surprisingly constant in the entire energy region below the gap and small in absolute value (of the order of 0.2–1.2 pm/V for the various structures considered). Although the birefringence is insufficient for second-harmonic generation into the ultraviolet, opportunities may exist for sum-frequency generation. Angular phase-matching tuning curves are provided. The reasons for the low values of χ<sup>(2)</sup> are discussed. It is found to be not very sensitive to the structure and to arise in part from a large degree of cancellation between pure interband and mixed intra- and interband contributions.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
OCIS Codes
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(190.4720) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities of condensed matter
Citation
Sergey N. Rashkeev, Sukit Limpijumnong, and Walter R. L. Lambrecht, "Theoretical evaluation of LiGaO_{2} for frequency upconversion to ultraviolet," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2217-2222 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-16-12-2217
Sort: Year | Journal | Reset
References
- K. Kondo, M. Oka, H. Wada, T. Fukui, N. Umezu, K. Tatsuki, and S. Kubota, “Demonstration of long-term reliability of a 266-nm, continuous-wave, frequency-quadrupled solid-state laser using β-BaB_{2}O_{4},” Opt. Lett. 23, 195–197 (1998).
- M. Brown, “Increased spectral bandwidths in nonlinear conversion processes by use of multicrystal designs,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1591–1593 (1998).
- B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Second harmonic generation of the output of an AlGaAs diode oscillator amplifier system in critically phase matched LiB_{2}O_{5} and β-BaB_{2}O_{4},” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315–317 (1997).
- Y. Uchiyama, M. Tsuchiya, H.-F. Liu, and T. Kamiya, “Efficient ultraviolet-light (345-nm) generation in a bulk LiIO_{3} crystal by frequency doubling of a self-seeded gain-switched AlGaInP Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 78–80 (1997).
- S. Wang, V. Pasiskevicisius, F. Laurell, and H. Karlsson, “Ultraviolet generation by first-order frequency doubling in periodically poled KTiOPO_{4},” Opt. Lett. 23, 1883–1885 (1998).
- J. E. Sipe and E. Ghahramani, “Nonlinear optical response of semiconductors in the independent-particle approximation,” Phys. Rev. B 48, 11705–11722 (1993).
- C. Aversa and J. E. Sipe, “Nonlinear optical susceptibilities of semiconductors: results with a length-gauge analysis,” Phys. Rev. B 52, 14636–14645 (1995).
- S. N. Rashkeev, W. R. L. Lambrecht, and B. Segall, “Efficient ab initio method for the calculation of frequency-dependent second-order optical response in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 3905–3919 (1998).
- P. Hohenberg and W. Kohn, “Inhomogeneous electron gas,” Phys. Rev. 136, B864–B871 (1964); W. Kohn and L. J. Sham, “Self-consistent equations including exchange and correlation effects,” Phys. Rev. 140, A1133–A1138 (1965).
- J. F. H. Nicholls, H. Gallagher, B. Henderson, C. Trager-Cowan, P. G. Middleton, L. P. O’Donnell, T. S. Cheng, C. T. Foxon, and B. H. T. Chai, “Growth and optical properties of GaN grown by MBE on novel lattice-matched oxide substrates,” in Gallium Nitride and Related Materials, F. A. Ponce, R. D. Dupuis, S. Nakamura, and J. A. Edmond, eds., Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 395 (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1996), pp. 535–539.
- G. A. Slack, “Nonmetallic crystals with high thermal conductivity,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 34, 321–335 (1973).
- R. C. Miller, W. A. Nordland, E. D. Kolb, and W. L. Bond, “Nonlinear optical properties of lithium gallium oxide,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 3008–3011 (1970).
- T. Ishii, Y. Tazoh, and S. Miyazawa, “Single-crystal growth of LiGaO_{2} for a substrate of GaN thin films,” J. Cryst. Growth 186, 409–419 (1998).
- S. Limpijumnong, W. R. L. Lambrecht, B. Segall, and K. Kim, “Band structure and cation ordering in LiGaO_{2},” in III-V Nitrides, F. A. Ponce, T. D. Moustakis, I. Akasaki, and B. A. Monemar, eds., Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 449 (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1997), pp. 905–910.
- Z. H. Levine and D. C. Allen, “Optical second-harmonic generation in III-V semiconductors: detailed formulation and computational results,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 12781–12793 (1991).
- R. Atanasov, F. Bassani, and V. M. Agranovich, “Second-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of asymmetric quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 7809–7819 (1994).
- L. Tsang and S.-L. Chuang, “Exciton effects on second-order nonlinear susceptibility in a quantum well with an applied electric field,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 5229–5239 (1990).
- S. N. Rashkeev, W. R. L. Lambrecht, and B. Segall, “Second-harmonic generation in SiC polytypes,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 9705–9715 (1998).
- S. N. Rashkeev, W. R. L. Lambrecht, and B. Segall, “Ab initio calculations of second order optical response functions in wurtzite GaN and AlN, and their short period superlattices,” in Nitride Semiconductors, F. A. Ponce, S. P. DenBaars, B. K. Meyer, S. Nakamura, and S. Strite, eds., Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 482 (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1998), pp. 857–862.
- S. N. Rashkeev, S. Limpijumnong, and W. R. L. Lambrecht, “Second-harmonic generation and birefringence of some ternary pnictide semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 2737–2748 (1999).
- O. K. Andersen, “Linear methods in band theory,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 3060–3083 (1975).
- J. L. P. Hughes and J. E. Sipe, “Calculation of linear and second-order optical response in wurtzite GaN and AlN,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 13630–13640 (1997); “Calculation of second-order optical response in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 10751–10763 (1996).
- M. Marezio, “The crystal structure of LiGaO_{2},” Acta Crystallogr. 18, 481–484 (1965).
- D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057–2074 (1992).
- P. V. Lenzo, E. G. Spencer, and J. P. Remeika, “Some optical properties of lithium gallium oxide,” Appl. Opt. 4, 1036–1037 (1965).
- D. W. Fischer, M. C. Ohmer, P. G. Schunemann, and T. M. Pollak, “Direct measurement of ZnGeP_{2} birefringence from 0.66 to 12.2 μm using polarized light interference,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 5942–5945 (1995).
Cited By |
Alert me when this paper is cited |
OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.
« Previous Article | Next Article »
OSA is a member of CrossRef.